DATABASE OF PAKISTANI COMMERCIALIZABLE PRODUCTS/ INDIGENOUS INNOVATIONS

Company/ Institute Name Innovator NameInnovationSummary of InnovationOther info
Technology Exchange and Coordination Pvt Ltd.Muhammad SarwarKnowledge products registered with IPO-PakistanKnowledge shop BKIT (Banks, Knowledge shop, ICT/IT, training under one roof) for SME SME Power plants Application:Bankers and IT Personnel
Funding Agency:No information
Address:63-A, Nisar Road, Lahore Cantt, Lahore
Email:tecrana@gmail.com
Fax:+92-423-66639
Phone:+92-423-6652
URL:www.china-industry.biz
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Horticultural SciencesIqrar Ahmad Khan, Ahmad Sattar Khan and Ishtiaq RajwanaNew Premium Quality Mango Genotypes for Extended Harvest SeasonMango is an important tropical to sub-tropical fruit. It is admired globally for its delightful taste, 􀃸avour, aroma and diuretic properties. It has a unique position in Pakistan's fruit industry. It has been cultivated in subcontinent from centuries. At present, mango industry in Pakistan revolves around few commercial cultivars. These cultivars offer low yields, narrow harvesting window, alternate bearing and certain other physiological disorders. Most of the commercial varieties of mango grown in Pakistan are midseason maturity i.e. from mid-July to mid-August, which asks for the introduction of new early and late season maturing varieties that will boost mango export from Pakistan. Mango industry is also affected by various insect-pests and diseases such as mango leaf hopper, mealy bug, midge, fruit 􀃸y, anthracnose, powdery mildew, malformation and decline. Occurrence of Mango Quick Wilt Disease (MQWD) (Ceratocystis manginecans) in various commercial mango producing areas of the country is serious threat. Pakistan is naturally blessed with a wide range of unexplored indigenous mango germplasm. There was a need to evaluate and exploit the potential of this existing unexplored mango germplasm in the country. Therefore, a comprehensive study (Funded by PARB-150 Mango Project) was carried out to characterize and evaluate over 􀃶ve hundred mango germplasms/accessions on the basis of physical and bio-chemical fruit quality characteristics available in the districts of Azad Jammu & Kashmir (AJK) and Northern and Southern Punjab. Data revealed that some of the selected indigenous mango accessions such as MLT-239, MLT-240, MLT-248, MLT-369, MLT-658, KHW-250, KHW-251, RYK-265, RYK- 426 and RYK-644 exhibited excellent physical and bio-chemical fruit quality characteristics. These selected accessions have shown potential as future commercial mango cultivars of Pakistan. We have released ten new mango accessions that can be future commercial cultivars of the country. This will help to diversify the mango industry that currently relies upon limited commercial mango cultivars. It will also help to widen the market window in the domestic and international markets.Application:Mango Industry
Funding Agency:The Punjab Agricultural Research Board (PARB)
Address:Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/contents.html
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Horticultural SciencesAman Ullah Malik, Muhammad Amin, Omer Hafeez Malik, Ahmad Sattar Khan,Abdul Rehaman, Rabia Hameed, M. Umair and M. ImranControlled Atmosphere Technology for Storage of Fresh Fruits & VegetablesHorticultural produce are highly perishable. Maintaining quality and shelf life extension is always challenging. Due to this reason, fruits and vegetables have a limited market window, and their prices fluctuate from low to very high depending upon their season and supply. Recent advancements in storage technology have provided option of the controlled atmosphere (CA) storage system which extends the useful marketing period of the fresh commodities during storage, transport and distribution with maintained quality and nutritive or market value. CA storage involves precise control of gaseous composition (oxygen and carbon dioxide, ethylene), besides low temperature and high humidity control around the fresh produce to reduce rate of respiration and ethylene production. Normally, we have around 21% Oxygen and 0.03% CO2 in atmosphere (air) which is manipulated (usually O2 < 5%, CO2 up to 10 % or even higher) according to crop type and maturity. Good handling practices along with the use of CA storage certainly help to extend shelf life. However, it is important to understand that the quality of fruits and vegetables at the time of storage is extremely important since CA-storage can only maintain quality and reduce the deterioration. So, good quality fruits and vegetables should be selected which are free from injuries, and insect pest or disease attack etc. and processed, packed as per standard procedures. Institute of Horticultural Sciences introduced the modern controlled atmosphere technology in collaboration with a Dutch company (Van Amerongen CA Company) and conducted necessary R&D under Punjab Agricultural Research Board (PARB) Project.Application:Fruit Storage Technology
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(2).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Horticultural SciencesAman Ullah Malik , Muhammad Amin , Peter Johnson , Rowland Holmes , Omer Hafeez Malik , A.S. Khan and Abdul RehamanMango Sea Freight TechnologyMango is a premium fruit crop of Pakistan with high export market. However, due to its short shelf life at ambient conditions, it has a limited market window, under normal or ambient conditions. It is normally exported by air. Transport by air is costly and allows only a limited quantity of fruit to export. Further, availability of cargo space is also an issue. In view of these limitations, sea freight options become an attractive alternate for example. Sea freight charges (Rs. 25-30 per kg) to Europe are 5-6 times lower than air freight (Rs. 150-160 per kg). The economic signiöcance of CA technology can be visualized that there will be around Rs 2.0 million saving in freight charges (compared to air) for one container of mangoes; with additional beneöt of exporting bulk volumes (one 20-feet container taking 16-18 tons of mango).This supports the commercial viability of sea transport of mango. Although, sea freighting offers the most economical transport option but it takes extended time (up to 4 weeks) as compared to air transport (usually 2-3 days). Most of the commercial Pakistani mango varieties have shelf life 7-8 days at ambient conditions while storage potential up to 2 weeks under ordinary low temperature storage. Therefore, for successful shipment of mango fruit from Pakistan to the distant markets like Europe, use of controlled atmosphere (CA) technology is important, which extends the useful marketing period of the commodities during storage, transport and distribution with maintained quality and nutritive or market value. These containers are commercially available. However, for successful sea shipment, a complete protocol needs to be followed starting from good quality mango production at farm, harvesting at optimum maturity with right techniques, de-sapping, and subsequent processing including washing, hot water treatments for postharvest disease control, grading and packing, pre-cooling, loading into containers, maintaining required shipping conditions and mango conditioning after arrival at destination port, and ripening before distribution in market. Hence, an integrated approach is required along with the use of CA technology to help to extend its shelf life, in order to deliver best quality at overseas markets. This technology has been developed under PARB funded project and commercially tested under Australian funded mango value chain improvement project, in collaboration with Sindh mango growers. The most successful variety for sea shipping is Sindhri, which has potential postharvest life (harvest to retail display) of 40 days. The success of this technology will help the local exporters to exploit potential market opportunities in high end markets and beneöts are expected to trickle down through to the farmers.Application:Mango Freight Technology
Funding Agency:The Punjab Agricultural Research Board (PARB)
Address:Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(3).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Horticultural SciencesMuhammad Jafar JaskaniChanging Cultivars in Existing Citrus Orchards through Top WorkingThe world citrus industry is diversied and has a wide market window of 6-8 months. Pakistan's citrus production is Kinnow based, a late maturing and seeded cultivar with a market window of 3-4 months. However, low seeded Kinnow strains are now available which have high demand in local and international market. Hence varietal diversication and changing citrus trees to a different variety are necessary to meet market demands and for sustainable citrus industry in Pakistan. Establishing new low seeded Kinnow orchards is long term planning and needs millions of nursery plants, which are not available. Top Working is the best solution to change varieties in existing orchards which become productive earlier than new plantings. The other advantages of top working are: Old, unproductive, diseased and inferior cultivars could successfully be replaced in short time period. The strong, well established root system of the existing tree helps to produce rapid re-growth of the new scion. A quick return to full production with good crops is achievable in 3 to 5 years. Scope and Signicance: There is high demand of seedless nursery plants but it is hard to meet the growers demand. Similarly new exotic citrus varieties have been made available in UAF through ACIAR Citrus Project to extend citrus market window. These cultivars also need to be evaluated in different localities prior to recommend as new commercial citrus cultivars. Orchard establishment is a long-term investment. It is difficult to convince growers for replacing orchards (low-quality fruit with less production) with new plantation (seedless Kinnow/new cultivars). It is all because uprooting productive plants is direct economic loss to the growers. Therefore, a rapid system is required to establish trees which take minimum time to start fruit bearing. Top working is a successfully tested technology to change varieties with market demand. Keeping this problem in view, the Institute of Horticultural Sciences has developed and standardized the Top Working technology to replace existing orchards with low seeded Kinnow or new exotic citrus cultivars. Application:Enhance Citrus Production through Changing Cultivars
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(4).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Horticultural SciencesSaeed AhmadModied Sun-drying Techniques for DatesIn Pakistan, monsoon rains coincide with the ripening period of dates which causes the rottening of ripened fruits. Hillawi is a prominent cultivar and commercially grown in Punjab. Its ripening period starts in mid-July to August which is a peak monsoon period. The fruit of Hillawi is completely harvested and consumed at Khalal stage with less economic value. There is no trend to process or cure the fruit due to occurrence of monsoon rains. However, if the fruit is harvested at Rutab stage and properly processed/cured by using proper sun drying techniques; It can be saved for future consumption with good economic value. The income of farmers can be increased 3 to 4 fold as compared to those that are sold on Doka stages. The fruits are collected at rutab/dug stage from the tree and these fruits can be dried/ processed with in 6 to 8 days depending upon daily weather conditions. After the harvest, fruits are spread on mat to remain under sun and covered at night. These fruits can be packed in plastic boxes of different weights according to the requirement of consumers. Application:Sun drying Techniques for Dates
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(5).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Horticultural SciencesRaheel AnwarStrawberry Packaging in Plastic Punnets: An Economical and Effective Technology to Improve Food Safety and profitabilityMalnutrition and food insufficiency are two of the major issues in Pakistan. To tackle these challenges, there is need to secure the availability of nutrient-rich food crops. Since strawberry is a natural and scrumptious source of phytonutrients including minerals and antioxidants, its demand is increasing in local markets and Pakistan's area under strawberry production is growing rapidly. Previously, it had been cultivated mainly in Swat areas of Pakistan but for the last few years, its cultivation is also being practiced across the river belt areas of Punjab and Sindh. With an annual growth in its production volume, it is now important to secure its availability and fruit quality by improving its supply chain. Strawberry is a delicate fruit and cannot withstand long enough against rapid fruit weight loss, mechanical injuries and fruit decay. In our local supply chain, strawberries are generally packed in 10-12 kg mulberry/plastic baskets, lined with newspaper, cushioned with weed straw and wrapped in fertilizer/cloth bags (Figure A). This practice is one of the major factors responsible for around 40% loss of strawberry fruit just during farm to wholesale market. Moreover, such packaging material also occupies larger space and need racks to avoid compression damage during bulk transport (Figure B). Thus, development of economical and effective packaging is imperative to ensure delivery of fresh and safe strawberries in local supply chain. Postharvest Research and Training Center at Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture Faisalabad has recently initiated set of studies to optimize strawberry fruit packaging. Initial studies have indicated a significant reduction in postharvest losses in strawberries packed in ≤ 1 kg plastic punnets compared to those densely packed in 10-12 kg mulberry/plastic baskets. This reduction in loss is due to the fact that small volume of fruit packed in plastic punnets (Figure C) remains safe from compression and impact damage as observed in mulberry/plastic baskets. These plastic punnets can be packed in larger cardboard or plastic boxes for easy and safe handling during bulk transport (Figure C, D). Secondly, compared to air tight mulberry/plastic baskets, perforations in plastic punnets (4-8 holes per pack) allow sufficient exchange of air for aerobic respiration and reduce accumulation of moisture that invites fungal infection. Since strawberry is a delicate fruit, commercially adapted bulk packaging and repeated physical contacts by Harvester, packer, whole seller, retailer and consumer results in fruit damage and quality loss. On the other hand, in field packing of strawberry fruit directly in plastic punnets immediately after harvest reduces chances of physical contacts and thus maintains fruit quality and quantity. Since, consumers prefer economy packs (around 1 kg), small size plastic punnets are ready-to-sell and reduce repacking hassle by retailers. Visible strawberries inside clear plastic punnets further reduce physical inspection by consumers for selecting damageand infection-free packs. Plastic punnets are cheaper (Rs. ≥6/punnet) and widely available in a variety of shape, size and strength. Even though, optimization studies are still underway at Institute of Horticultural Sciences, UAF to standardize aforementioned strawberry packaging protocol into a viable commercial technology but initial findings are encouraging and support the positive outcomes of this technApplication:Enhance Strawberry Storage Capacity through improvement in Packaging material and style
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(6).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Horticultural SciencesMuhammad Jafar JaskaniSanitized Citrus NurseryCitrus is adversely affected by a number of virus diseases, many of which can be transmitted during budding/grafting and as a result, thecitrus groves have low productivity and longevity. In Pakistan, the current nursery methods of citrus fruits are primitive and less efficient. A bad nursery plant could have inherent genetic defects or be a carrier of diseases. The genetic defects occur due to the excessive load of somatic mutations and diseases (infected budwood or soil borne). Among all of the fruit crops, citrus stands alone in the number of graft transmissible diseases, which are propagated by infected budwood. As a result, most orchards are short lived and produce only a fraction of potential yields. The world's best fruit growing countries have self-sustaining nursery certification programs implemented by government agencies and backed by R&D institutions. A certification program ensures supply of healthy and true-to-type nursery plants to the growers. Under such nursery production systems, the orchards have long productive life, high yields, and quality fruits. Low production and orchard life can be attributed to many reasons; among them, diseased/infected budwood is one of the basic reasons. Soil born diseases are the other cause of citrus orchards decline. In Pakistan current practice of citrus propagation is being carried out by traditional ways which are vulnerable to various diseases, causing monetary losses to the growers. It also hurt the export of citrus fruit. Taking the challenges, UAF has developed a very efficient mechanism of developing a citrus disease free budwood and container grown citrus plants. This is a program to establish citrus nursery on scientific standards and focus to develop citrus budwood (required to grow a complete citrus plant) free from diseases. This is the first nursery of its kind with current capacity of 50,000 plants annually whereas demand for new citrus plants in our country is around 4 million. Major objectives of this program are To establish a foundation block of disease-free trees of commercial varieties of citrus. To maintain a rigorous program of testing and retesting of foundation trees to assure continued freedom from disease. To evaluate the horticultural characteristics of foundation trees to assure trueness-to-type. To develop and maintain container grown citrus rootstock seedlings and propagate disease free citrus nursery plants for sale. This technology has already been commercialized and ten such nursery systems have been established in private sector in collaboration with Agri-business Support Fund and UAF helped the investors to establish modern citrus nurseries. If all citrus plantations have been carried out through these nurseries then there will be a revolution of healthy citrus groves. Application:Improving Citrus Quality by Through Sanitization of Nursery
Funding Agency:Agri-business Support Fund and UAF
Address:Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(7).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Horticultural SciencesMuhammad UsmanSanitized Guava Nursery Production TechnologyPakistan is merely producing 7-8 tons/ha guava compared with 21-28 tons/ha in Taiwan and Brazil. India having similar agro-climatic conditions is also producing 3 tons/ha more. In Pakistan, 80% of the crop is contributed by Punjab province highlighting its significance for Punjab fruit industry. Despite lower yields, there is further sharp decline (2007-2010) in area under cultivation (1800 ha), production (35000 tons) and yield (1.5 tons/ha) which is an alarming situation. Area under new plantations is increasing and old or productive orchards have been massively removed due to decline in guava. Poor health status of guava orchards leads to early termination of productive life and a declining fruit industry. Faulty conventional nurseries play a key role in spreading diseases to the orchards even in areas with little or no disease. Biotic factors including soil borne fungal infestations play a major role in causing guava decline. The above discussion highlights dire need for the development of containerized guava nursery in sterilized nutritious potting media and to establish a model for nursery growers and other stake holders. Hence, sanitized guava nursery production system was established and technology was presented to guava stake holders under EFS funded project. Superior fruit of elite guava cultivars were selected from different areas of Punjab for quality analysis. Seeds were extracted and treated with acid for enhanced germination. Different types of potting media were used to standardize growing conditions for enhanced growth of guava plants. Media were sterilized in the model steam sterilization unit and conditions were optimized for sterilization. Guava seedlings of selected cultivars were raised in containers lled with sterilized media and plant growth patterns were noted. Application:Enhance Guava quality through sanitization in nursery
Funding Agency:Endowment Fund Secretariat (EFS)
Address:Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(8).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Horticultural SciencesMuhammad Asif Ali and Muhammad Muzammil JahangirCommercialization of Button MushroomButton mushroom is the most widely cultivated mushroom of the world. At present, imported tinned button mushroom is being consumed in metropolitan hotels, pizza huts, and Chinese restaurants in Pakistan.The small amount of mushrooms that are grown generally are cultivated in underdeveloped agricultural areas using simple low-cost methods mostly under natural conditions with low labor costs and frequently as a 'part time' activity. For this purpose, farmers usually grow oyster mushrooms. Standard methods for button mushroom cultivation are lacking in the country. Moreover, the fruiting ability of button mushroom at a temperature of 16-19°C limits its availability only in winter in most parts of Pakistan which hinder regular supply to the market. Therefore, due to seasonal production and low volume of produce, consumers have to rely on imported canned button mushroom. In order to overcome this issue, there was a need to önd alternatives to button mushroom for summer temperatures. Investigations at Medicinal and Mushroom Lab, Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad have shown that two tropical isolates of Agaricus (AS65 and W20) with characteristics similar to Agaricus, Bitorquis are promising mushrooms which can be grown at a much higher temperature (27-30°C) than temperate strains.Application:Button Mushroom Technology
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(9).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Horticultural SciencesIftikhar AhmadCommercialization of New Cut Flowers for Pakistani MarketsFloriculture is a highly competitive and profitable industry all over the world with a much higher potential for returns compared to other agronomic and/or horticultural crops. It has been acknowledged as an economic activity which has great potential for generating employment and foreign exchange. For any country to diversify its agricultural base geared towards exports, the ornamental crops industry presents one of the most viable sectors. As the demand for cut flowers is increasing all over the world, the industry is in search of new cut flower species to fullfil the aesthetic needs of the society. But volume and range of cut flower species used in our local markets has not increased significantly. Our local markets are still glutted with traditional flowers which have average quality and higher production costs and postharvest losses. Very limited options are available for cut ower production in Pakistan and growers and consumers are bound to buy only few available flowers. On account of great diversity in agroclimatic conditions, Pakistan has potential to grow a wide range of ower crops comprising of different annuals, perennials and woody ornamentals as specialty cut owers. Hundreds of new ornamental species/cultivars are introduced every year in the global markets; however, growers and marketing people hesitate to grow such products with insufficient information about their production and postharvest handling procedures. Therefore, University has taken the initiative to diversify the cut ower production by developing technologies for producing new cut ower crops and increase market window for enhancing protability of the growers along with fullling aesthetic needs o the consumers.Application:Flower Industry
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(10).pdf
Technology Exchange and Coordination Pvt Ltd.Muhammad SarwarKnowledge products registered with IPO-PakistanKnowledge shop BKIT (Banks, Knowledge shop, ICT/IT, training under one roof) for SME SME Power plants Application:Bankers and IT Personnel
Funding Agency:No information434343
Address:63-A, Nisar Road, Lahore Cantt, Lahore
Email:tecrana@gmail.com
Fax:+92-423-66639
Phone:+92-423-6652
URL:www.china-industry.biz
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Horticultural SciencesIftikhar AhmadRosa centifolia (UAF) - A High Value Flower CropLow returns, poor productivity and marketing problems in subsistence agriculture have created social crests and financial problems for the small growers with limited resources. Therefore, it is need of the time to explore alternative means to ensure their prosperity by uplifting economic livelihood and strengthen the national economy by value addition, increasing exports and earning foreign exchange. Roses are one of the nature's most beautiful gifts to mankind which are traditionally used for expressing or exhibiting the innermost feelings to the beloved ones or complimenting any one or versifying any conceivable emotion. Historically, in the sub-continent, flowers were praised among people traditionally but with the passage of time, the transition is seen from passion oriented floriculture to business oriented. Floriculture is an ancient farm activity with the immense potential for generating remunerative self-employment among small and marginal farmers. Besides earning the much-needed foreign exchange, it is getting due attraction these days and the øoriculture is one of the few industries with very bright prospects to uplift the economic status of small farmers. Roses are commonly grown for ornamental purposes; however, there are some Rosa species which have fragrance in their øower petals and are used for value addition in the world. These species produce best quality oil which is highly valuable in cosmetics and pharmaceutical industries. Thus, cultivation of rose for the production of essential oil seems to be a viable option to increase farmers income and export earnings of the country. However, Pakistan øoriculture lacks value addition and indigenous rose species øower either only once or twice in a year and yield less with poor quality oil contents. Therefore, a new strain of Rosa centifolia has been developed by Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, which produces profuse flowering throughout the year, particularly during hot months.There are very few roses in the world which produce fragrant healthy blooms at high temperatures of around 40°C. After optimization of its production and essential oil extraction technology, it is now recommended to growers for mass production and value addition.Application:Floriculture Industry
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(11).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of soil and Environmental SciencesZahir A. Zahir, Haz Naeem Asghar and Muhammad NaveedRhizogold: A Multi-Strain Biofertilizer for Production of LegumesRhizogold is a multi-strain biofertilizer developed from the competent strains of rhizobia and PGPR containing ACC-deaminase. This is the only biofertilizer in Pakistan which has been developed by the combined use of Rhizobia and PGPR containing ACC-deaminase. These strains were isolated from specific legumes, characterized and identiöed in the Soil Microbiology and Biochemistry Lab., Institute of OF SOIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES. The competency of Rhizogold has been established by conducting öeld trials at various locations in the Punjab. Rhizogold improves the growth, nodulation and yield of legumes through several traits like reduction of ethylene by ACC-deaminase activity, phosphate solublization, root colonization, hormone production and pathogen suppression. Thus, Rhizogold improves growth, nodulation and yield of its speciöc legume crop.Application:Improvement in biofertilizer Technology
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of soil and Environmental Sciences
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(12).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Soil and Environmental SciencesZahir A. Zahir, Haöz Naeem Asghar, Sajid M. Nadeem, M. Yahya Khan and Muhammad Javed AkhterRhizogold Plus: A Multi-Strain Biofertilizer for Production of Cereals from Salt Affected SoilsPakistan is situated in arid and semi-arid region of the world where salinity is one of the serious threats for sustainable agriculture. Pressure on cereal production is increasing to meet the food requirements of the burgeoning population of Pakistan. Salinity adversely affects the growth and yield of the cereals mainly wheat and maize crops. So, there is dire need to adopt cost effective and ecosystem friendly approaches for better crop production from salt affected soils. Use of biofertilizer is a promising option to handle such situation. RG is a biofertilizer which has been developed for two cereal crops i.e. wheat and maize. Each cereal crop has its specific RG i.e. RG for wheat and RG for maize. Strains used in the biofertilizer have potential to signiöcantly increase the yield of respective cereal crop from salt affected soils. This would secure the farmer capital by minimizing the chances of economical loss due to detrimental effect of salinity.Application: Enhance the Production of Cereals through the Improvement of Rhizogold Plus Bio fertilizer
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences, UAF Sub-Campus Burewala (Vehari)
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(13).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Soil and Environmental SciencesZahir A. Zahir, Haz Naeem Asghar, Muhammad Javed Akhter and M. NaveedRhizogoldD: A Multi-Strain Biofertilizer to Mitigate Drought Stress in CerealsRhizogold (RG) is an effective multi-strain biofertilizer to mitigate drought stress in cereals. RG is developed from well characterized, proficient strains of bacteria, capable of inducing drought tolerance as well as plant growth promotion in cereals. This biofertilizer has been developed with an aim to devise an agro-biotechnology for the sustainable production of cereals in water scarce conditions. Microbial strains with potential to be used as plant growth promoting rhizobacteria were isolated from the nodules of various leguminous crops/rhizosphere and were characterized in Soil Microbiology and Biochemistry Lab., Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad. Series of pot and öeld trials were conducted to establish competence of these strains to trim down adverse effects of drought in cereals. RGD alleviates drought in crops through increased proline contents, enhanced antioxidant levels in plants, improved photosynthetic activity and better water relations of plants. Beneöcial traits of RGD such as auxin synthesis, root colonization, ACC-deaminase activity, exopolysaccharides production and phosphorous solubilizations have been proven to increase growth and production of cereals in drought stress.Application:Bio-fertilizer Techniques (Rhizogold)
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(14).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Soil and Environmental SciencesZahir A. Zahir, Muhammad Naveed and Tasawer AbbasFormulation of Bioherbicide for Weeds Control in WheatWeeds pose threats to crop production more than other pests and the conventional control practices are not much sustainable.This is due to growing cost and shortage of labor, land degradation and cost of tillage, herbicide resistance, pollution of soil, air and water-bodies by herbicides, residues in food items and deadly diseases and deaths faced by all life forms. If the costs incurred on the environmental challenges posed by the conventional control are counted it is no more feasible and sustainable. The search for new and safer techniques based on biological approaches is being encouraged worldwide. In past, research on biocontrol of weeds was focused on phytophagous insects and pathogens of weeds. Excessive reliance on suitable environmental conditions by these control agents lead to inconsistent responses and discouraged such efforts. However, rhizobacteria inhibitory to weeds due to the production of their phytotoxic metabolites remained ignored in the past. The production of phytotoxins in the rhizosphere avoids the exposure of these substances to other life forms and environment. The presence of selectivity in these rhizobacteria further, increases the opportunities for the formulation of a bioherbicide using them. Therefore, allelopathic bacteria were isolated from the rhizosphere of weeds and characterized by suppression of major weeds (wild oat, little seed canary grass, broad leaved dock, common lambs' quarter and öeld bindweed) associated with wheat under controlled and natural conditions. These rhizobacteria were characterized for the production of phytotoxic substances through HCN production, E. coli antimetabolite and agar bioassay on sensitive seedlings. The phytotoxins producing strains were then applied to target weeds and wheat in agar bioassays. The potential candidates for biocontrol agents were further tested on weeds and wheat under axenic conditions in growth room trials. Five strains of allelopathic bacteria were evaluated under natural conditions in pot and öeld trials. This research work yielded nineteen strains of allelopathic bacteria which produced sufficient phytotoxic metabolites to be inhibitory to certain plants. Five of the strains were found to be suppressive to plants being non-host speciöc. Selective suppression of weeds but not wheat was observed with 3 strains and nine strains inhibited the germination and/or growth of one or more weeds and promoted that of wheat. Five strains showing maximum suppression of one or more weeds and non-inhibitory to wheat were tested in pot and öeld trials. Application:Bio-herbicide Technology to improve Productivity
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(15).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Horticultural SciencesMuhammad YaseenDesiccator Technology for Crops Stubble ManagementCrop residues are the different parts of the plants (roots, shoots, grain, tubers, etc) left in the soil when crop is harvested. In Pakistan, 40 billion tons stubbles are produced annually, share by cereal crops is 75% and 25% by other crops. Crop stubbles sometimes have been used as wastes but they require attention for disposal. Most of the farmers get rid from this precious source of soil organic matter and nutrients by burning (82%), used as fodder (7%), composting (5%), cooking fuels (2%), soil incorporation (1%) and other different uses (2%). Burning of fields after harvesting of wheat, rice and sugarcane crops is very common practice. This practice is not desirable due to many reasons such as polluting the surrounding area (smog), destruction of soil structure, evaporation of surface water, killing of benecial microbes, nutrients losses and most important wastage of precious organic matter. Farmers have no other choice except burning because incorporation or mixing of these crops residues break implements used for the incorporation of crop residues. On the hands, proper management of crop residues can improve soil organic matter level that in turn improves fertility and productivity of the soil. Different field experiments conducted at Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad provided encouraging results on use of 'desiccator' to dry and brittle residues within days and then ploughed under the residues, followed by urea, molasses and bacteria application for quick decomposition of residues and converting into compost in the soil. Residual effect this treatment was tested on succeeding maize and wheat crops. The results revealed improvement in soil physico-chemical properties and maize growth parameters as 44% in plant height, 36% in cob length and 31% in grain yield over burning treatment (Fig 1). Overall results suggested that application of desiccator in combination with urea and decomposing bacteria can properly manage wheat residues to enhance quality and heath of soil for next crop.Application:Desiccator Technology for Crops
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(16).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Soil and Environmental SciencesMuhammad YaseenBiostimulant Based Liquid Fertilizer for High Fertilizer Use Efficiency and Crop YieldsNutrient deficiencies and nutrient imbalances occur due to low organic matter and alkaline calcareous nature of Pakistani soils. These factors reduce availability of nutrients in soil, which results in low use efficiency of applied fertilizers and reduction in crop yields. The situation demands to develop innovative fertilizer product decorated with some nutrient activators to keep nutrient available. A phenolic and activator based liquid fertilizer containing 8-8-15% NPK has been developed. It works as a fertilizer supplement and improves efficiency of soil applied fertilizers. When this product is supplemented with soil applied fertilizers, it not only keeps nutrients in available form for longer periods but also makes easy access of plant roots for absorption. Three litters of liquid fertilizer are applied with first irrigation and second application is done one month after the first application. Two applications are sufficient for wheat, rice, maize and vegetable crops while for sugarcane and orchards, three applications are recommended. Activator Application of this fertilizer with recommended rates of fertilizers boosts up the crop yield up to 30% by improving tillering, seed setting and providing protection against most of the biotic (some soil borne diseases & insect attacks) and a-biotic stresses (temperature and moisture stresses). The product is getting attention of farmers of the Punjab, Sindh and KPK. The product is sold by Patron Chemicals Multan who developed this product with our consultancyApplication:Increases the Productivity through the advancement in fertilizer
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(17).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Soil and Environmental SciencesMuhammad YaseenCalcium Carbide Based Technology for Early and High Quality Vegetable ProductionYields of vegetables per unit area are relatively low in Pakistan. Vegetables like okra, tomato, cucumber and chilies are the leading vegetable crops of Pakistan. Being the diet of vast majority of people, these occupy central position in agricultural policies. There is need to increase the production of these vegetables substantially by using non-conventional approaches. The use of calcium carbide (CaC ) 2 based formulation could be an innovative approach for enhancing vegetable yields and quality. This project has focused on effective use of formulated CaC to increase 2 yields and fertilizer use efficiency of vegetable crops. Appropriate formulation/coating, rate and time of application of CaC were investigated and package of 2 technology has been developed through the project funded by HEC. A series of experiments were conducted in incubator, laboratory, growth room, tunnels and farmer's field on okra, tomato, cucumber, pepper and chili. Effect of coated CaC was recorded on seed germination, seedling vigor, time of flower 2 bud initiation, number of flowers, fruit setting and fruit yield. This innovative technology is ready to transfer for general use particularly for vegetables grown under tunnels. Moreover, technology is made farmers friendly and cost-effective by evaluating different possible formulations. The results obtained are very encouraging and increased the yield of vegetables (okra, tomato, cucumber, chili and sweet pepper) by more than 30%. Besides, there was also significant improvement in fertilizer use efficiency and quality of vegetables. The results given below demonstrate the validity of this approach / technology to promote yield of vegetable crops.Application:Improve Food Quality through Calcium Carbide Based Technology
Funding Agency: higher education commission (HEC)
Address:University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(18).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Soil and Environmental SciencesMuhammad YaseenMulti-micronutrient Foliar Feeding Technology for High Quality Crop ProductionMicronutrients play an active role in the plant metabolic processes. Decrease in availability of micronutrients in soils and their limited uptake by plants due to alkaline and calcareous soil nature has widened the gap between potential yield and average farmer's obtained yield of a crop. To narrow down this gap, foliar feeding of micronutrients emerged as an innovative technology as it can be 10 to 20 times more efficient than soil application. However, this efficiency is not always achieved in actual practice due to unfavorable weather and improper formulation and application techniques. Therefore, judging what foliar material to apply, when to apply and how to apply are important principles to make best use of this technique. The addition of bio-stimulant to micronutrients formulation is effective to maximize feeding efficiency of foliar spray. Demonstration trials were extensively conducted on farmer's fields of nine villages at Toba Tek Singh. Foliar feeding was supplemented with farmer's soil applied fertilizers which was taken as control. Multinutrients foliar feeding spray contained 4.7% Zn, 2% Fe, 1% B, 2% Mn and 0.3% Cu amended with bio-stimulant and surfactant. This spray was applied at rate of 500, 1000 and 1500 mL acre in splits on wheat and cotton crops without disturbing farmers followed agronomic practices. First split of spray was applied after 50 days of plant growth while second split was applied 15 days after the first spray. Differences in growth and yield parameters of wheat and cotton crops were recorded between sprayed and unsprayed plots. Application of 1500 mL acre foliar spray increased wheat grain and seed cotton yields greater than 25% due to improvement in growth and yield contributing parameters in both crops as compared to control. Similarly, maximum uptake of macronutrients (N, P & K) and micronutrients (Fe, Cu, B, Mn & Zn) by wheat grains was observed in this treatment indicating production of higher yields probably due to efficient uptake of nutrients. Therefore, results on all sites concluded that application of multinutrients foliar spray at the rate of 1500 mL acre was found most effective; however it was closely followed by the application rate of 1000 mL acre. Comparative results on growth parameters of wheat and cotton between sprayed and unsprayed plots were shown to mass gatherings of farmers of project and surrounding areas by holding farmer's field days. The product was registered as Uni-Micropower.Application:Multi-micronutrient Foliar Feeding Technology
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(19).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Soil and Environmental SciencesMuhammad Naveed, Shamaila Noureen, Annum Sattar, Muhammad Khalid and Haz Naeem Asghar Formulation of Acidified Organic Product for Enhancing Phosphorus Use Efficiency in MaizePopulation explosion, globally, is demanding amplied agricultural production that is directly associated with soil phosphorus (P) availability, which is receiving more and more attention with time. As nd a 2 essential macronutrient, it is considered indispensable for plant growth and long term productivity. Further, its deficiency is the prime cause of 30-40% reduction in crop yield. The bioavailability of P is strongly tied to soil pH that is >7.5 in Pakistani soils thus, simple addition of P fertilizer at normal rates can not result in optimal yield and crop quality. To resolve this obstacle, in addition to fertilizers, acid producing materials like S° simultaneously used with Sulfer Oxidizing Bacteria (SOB) and organic matter was found effective and economical to enhance P solubility. Elemental S oxidation could be accelerated when linked with the use of organic matter, reason being, an increase in heterotrophic SOB and may be due to production of acids from decomposition of OM, which stimulates the activity of heterotrophic bacteria. But, here the issue is massive use of OM and Sº, making it uneconomical for small scale farmers. So, there is a dire need to devise a better alternative that is economical and farmer friendly as well. So, to keep in view the entire scenario, an acidified amendment has been prepared through bio-augmentation of a mixture of Sº and cow dung with SOB which can enhance the availability of locked soil P. Sulfer Oxcidizing Bacteria were isolated and screened on the basis of pH reduction in media, sulfate ion production and P solubilization for acquiring the most efficient SOB strains. Then, acidified amendment was prepared through bio-augmentation of mixture of S and cow dung with SOB. Commercial acids were used as reference control. Most suitable level of amendment (S) was selected on the basis of pH reduction of product. The product was tested as solid and liquid with chemical P fertilizer (SSP, DAP and RP). Field and pot trials on maize were conducted in ISES-UAF to observe the effect of acidified amendment on growth, yield and P uptake. Along with the recommended dose of chemical P fertilizer and significant increases growth, yield and P uptake were recorded. The product is now ready for extensive evaluation on farmer’s fields before commercialization. There is no doubt that soil P management through this innovative strategy will be helpful to enhance crop growth and yield. It is predictable that use of this approach will enhance maize yield upto 5-16% compared to the traditional fertilizer use. Additionally, use of this low pH product will not only reduce the use of synthetic fertilizers and enhance the bioavailability of indigenous P sources, but, it could be a profitable way to manage on farm agricultural waste, ensuring environmental sustainability norms to fulfill the ultimate goal of achieving sustainable food production in the country and worldwide.Application: Acidified Organic Product Technology
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(20).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Soil and Environmental SciencesZahir Ahmad Zahir and Haz Naeem Asghar Rice Biofert A Microbial Metabolites-Based Biofertilizer for Sustainable Rice ProductionRice Biofert is based on utilizing substrate-dependent microbially released plant growth regulators for the betterment of agriculture industry. This novel and innovative approach has been proven to be very effective in promoting the growth and yield of various plants/crops. This approach consists of production of plant growth regulators (organic substances which coordinate and regulate plant growth when applied at concentration far below the nutrients) by the inocula from the added substrate. These plant growth regulators are taken up by plant roots and regulate various physiological processes, which results in promotion of plant growth of rice. This approach is different from the conventional approach of biofertilizer formulations consisting of living cells of microbial bugs, which usually give very inconsistent results. These microbial metabolites can be used for seed or root treatment. After testing in the laboratory/growth room and wire house trials, an extensive work on rice was undertaken on farmer's fields to test the validity of this approach and encouraging extremely significant results were obtained (average up to 20% increase in yield).Application:Microbial Metabolites-Based Biofertilizer Technoology
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(21).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Soil and Environmental SciencesGhulam MurtazaIntegrated Farming for Crops, Fish and Livestock by Recycling Brackish Water from Fish PondsSalinity/sodicity adversely affects the productivity of agricultural lands and thus socio-economic conditions of the farming community 6 are poor. In Pakistan 14 × 10 ha area is currently affected due to twin menace of waterlogging and salinity and it is growing rapidly. The availability of water in Pakistan has decreased from 5300 m /year/person in 1950's to 1100 m /person/year in 2014 and it is estimated to be < 1000 m³ per capita (threshold level) by the year 2025. Poultry and fisheries are allied fields, which can be used to enhance the farm income under the circumstance of unavailability of good quality soil and water resources. Integration of plants/vegetables with poultry, livestock and/or fisheries helped increase the farm income and thus sustain the life of resource-poor farming community. By integrating poultry and fisheries with agriculture, a model was demonstrated for the farming community having small land holdings by utilizing marginal quality soil and water resources. Field experiments on salt-affected soils were carried out for sustainable and economical irrigation with recycled water from fish ponds receiving animal manure and poultry manure at Proka Farm II, UAF. Experiments comprised of a permanent layout and composite soil samples were collected for determining various physical and chemical characteristics. Water samples from tube well and recycled sh ponds water were analyzed for quality parameters (EC, SAR and RSC). Results revealed that saline-sodic water with EC and SAR higher than the critical levels of 1 dS m and 10 (mmol L ) , respectively, recycled from fish ponds was successfully used to reclaim calcareous saline-sodic (sandy loam) soils following wheat-maize and oat-sorghum crop rotations. Soil reclamation was found better with the application of recycled water from fish ponds in which Poultry Manure (PM) and Farm Manures (FM) were mixed. Furthermore, rotation of grain (wheat-maize) and fodder (oat-sorghum) crops showed better effect of recycled water. The net benefit remained the highest with recycled water from fish pond receiving PM followed by FM. More income was obtained from wheat-maize than that from oat-sorghum crop rotation. This suggests that low quality water recycled from sh ponds receiving poultry and farm manures could successfully be used for irrigation on marginal salt-affected soils. It is evident that the research cum demonstration remained very good and effective method of educating farmers. Further it is warranted that there should be additional demonstration and technology transfer projects and activities to replicate the findings in other areas for the benefit of stakeholders having small land holdings. Although salt-affected soils and saline-sodic water resources are often viewed as representing major environmental and agricultural challenges in terms of biomass production, yet such soil and water resources can be productively used.Application:Integrated Farming for Crops
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(22).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Soil and Environmental SciencesMuhammad Rashid and Ahsan Raza SattarFertilizer Prediction ModelsThe soil fertility status of our soils is declining with the passage of time. Fertilizers are being used to meet the requirements of deficient nutrients but the fertilizer use in the country is highly imbalanced. The fertilizers have become very expensive input therefore; the general recommendations are not paying in relation to the investment made. It is therefore time now that nutrients are to be used in the amount and proportion in which these are required by specific crop in a specific soil for the specific yield. Soil testing laboratories are available in every district of the province but no data based models were available in the country which could have been used to predict the actual requirement of nutrients to produce desired yields. Keeping in view this deficiency at the national scene, a team of soil scientists and IT experts implemented an Endowment Fund sponsored project to develop soil test based fertilizer prediction models to predict the requirement of nutrients for each major crop, district wise, on the basis of 10 years data of fertilizer trials generated by Soil Fertility Research Institute, Punjab/ any other organization conducting fertilizer trials in Punjab. The last 10 years data of fertilizer trials conducted by Soil Fertility Research Institute in all the districts of Punjab were collected and processed by the team of soil scientists, crop wise and district wise and then handed over to the IT team of the project for further processing and developing the models. The team worked on these data, integrated it and developed the fertilizer prediction models using the state of the Art software Engineering Principles and 24/7 data management practices followed by computer simulation and finally made them available on website: www.fertilizeruaf.pk. In the process of model development all the stakeholders such as Fertilizer Industry, Agri. Extension, Agri. Research, Agriculture Universities and farmers were involved through consultations, meetings, and conferences. The models have been developed for wheat, rice, maize, sugarcane, cotton, potato, tomato, carrot, cabbage, garlic and sunflower for the relevant districts depending on the availability of fertilizer trial data. No doubt, the models were developed on the basis of data of fertilizer trials conducted in the field, but still it was considered appropriate to validate the prediction of these models right in field. The funds were provided by USAID through ICARDA and the project was implemented by University of Agriculture, Faisalabad in collaboration with Soil Fertility Research Institute, Lahore. The soil samples of the selected fields were collected and analysed by the team of Soil Fertility Research Institute. The plan was developed by UAF team on the basis of nutrients requirement for the desired yields of crop determined by the fertilizer prediction models on the basis of soil analysis. The trials were conducted by scientists of Soil Fertility in various districts of Punjab. Application:Fertilizer Prediction Technology
Funding Agency:United States Agency for International Development(USAID) & International Center for Agricultural Research (ICARDA )
Address:University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(23).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Soil and Environmental SciencesMuhammad Rashid and Ahsan Raza SattarTechnology at the Door Step of Farmers through SMS ServiceUniversity of Agriculture, Faisalabad developed fertilizer prediction models through an endowment fund project. USAID provided funds through ICARDA to create awareness among the farming community regarding fertilizer prediction models. The project team used print and electronic media to take the message to the end users. Advertisements were given in the leading newspapers two times in a month. Publicity campaign was run through all the radio stations in Punjab. Farmers field days were organized and literature was distributed among the participants. All these steps showed their impact but at a limited level. It was therefore decided to take the message at the doorstep of farmers at wider scale through SMS. Funds for this service have been provided by USAID through ICARDA. About one million phone numbers of farmers in Punjab were collected from different sources. An exclusive Cloud based Applications was developed and deployed by using the state of art software engineering principles and 24/7 Data base management practices. This application is deployed in private and public cloud in the University. This application has a capacity to service the entire farmers (about 6 million) of the punjab. The first SMS message was sent via cellular company Telenor which has biggest clientage in the rural area. This service was launched on 15-9-2016 before the electronic and print media and the rst message was sent to the farmers by Prof. Dr. Iqrar Ahmed Khan (SI) to one million farmers. The message was successfully delivered to 619393 farmers. Application:Enhance Agriculture through the innovation of IT
Funding Agency:United States Agency for International Development(USAID) & International Center for Agricultural Research (ICARDA )
Address:Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, Department of Computer Science, University of Agriculture Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(24).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Department of Agronomy Shahzad M.A. BasraMoringa: A Multipurpose PlantMoringa is known as a miracle tree, single genus, Moringaceae family and of 14 known species. The most popular and broadly cultivated specie is Moringa oleifera also known as 'drumstick' tree and locally as “Sohanjna” native to the sub-Himalayan tracts of Pakistan, India, Bangladesh and Afghanistan. Moringa is highly nutritious plant which can save lives, nourish the deprived people and can be a good source of nutrition for the people of all age groups. Moringa seed is an effective water purication agent. Moringa leaf extract is very rich in growth promoting compounds which makes it an excellent bio-stimulant. It has also cosmetic value especially as anti-aging agent. Moringa has rich amount of vitamins mainly vitamin A and C, minerals (calcium, phosphorous, iron, copper, zinc, iodine, sulphur, selenium and manganese) and all essential amino acids. Moringa is also rich in antioxidants like polyphenols, flavonoids and carotenoids. The most significant phytochemicals for medicinal point of view present in moringa are quercetin, kaempferol, zeatin and caffeoylquinic acids. Moringa boosts immune system. Supports body metabolism and cell structure of the body. Enhances healthy circulatory system and detoxifies your body of toxins. Promotes proper digestion. Promotes the normal functioning of the liver and the kidney. Supports diabetic condition, normal sugar levels of the body. Helps you sleep better. Provides nourishment to the eyes and the brain. Supports the body's anti-inflammatory mechanisms. Moringa has multi-million world trades for its different products. Today Moringa market is estimated more than US$ 4 billion, which is expected to cross US$ 7 billion by 2020 @9% per annum. India has the major share which is more than 9 0 % of the world trade . The commercialization of moringa products in Pakistan is still informal and a neglected crop. However, recently there is increasing awareness and many moringa products have been launched as herbal supplement. By the efforts of Alternate Crops Lab, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, moringa is getting popularity as a crop for fodder and feed and bio-stimulant for field crops/vegetables/fruit trees. However, there is still share in international moringa business. There are huge opportunities in Pakistan to popularize moringa for cattle feeding, fodder supplement for enhancing milk production, poultry feed and so on. Since the plant is native to Pakistan and has a wide variety of germplasm which needs to be screened. Local moringa landraces have better biomass, seed, oil and other products yield potentials than the most popular Indian cultivated varieties. To effectively exploit the existing market potential, the commercialization should eventually become more structured and formalized. Application:Production of Moringa
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Agronomy,University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF)
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(25).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Department of Agronomy Shahzad M.A. BasraQuinoa - a Super food and Cash CropThere are at least 50,000 species those can be used as food however, less than 300 species make their way into the market. Global food availability and consumption patterns are main reasons of malnutrition and global food insecurity. This implies that people should eat more of the world's underutilized crops, also known as 'orphan' or 'minor' crops. Most of these underutilized crops have very high nutritional profile and resilience traits, with the ability to withstand biotic and abiotic stresses better than most of the current major staples. Some of the underutilized crops have become popular in the developed countries due to their nutritional properties. One of these is quinoa, a pseudo-cereal native to the harsh climate of Andean mountains, so naturally has tolerance to adverse conditions and wide adaptability. The crop is grown for its grains. Its grains are considered as functional food, a food which lowers the risk of many diseases or exerts positive effects on health other than its nutritional value. Quinoa grains contain all essential amino acids including lysine, threonine, tryptophan which are deficient in most cereals. The grain protein content ranges from 13% to 19%. Its mineral contents (Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu and Zn) are higher than those of wheat, rice maize and barley. Quinoa grains are also rich in main vitamins especially α- carotene, niacin, thiamine, riboflavin and α-tocopherol (vitamin E). Quinoa grain also contains health beneficial fatty acids like linoleic and oleic acids. The whole plant is also used as green fodder. Crop residues are also ideal to feed cattle, sheep, horses and poultry. There are a range of quinoa products from food, cosmetic, pharmaceutical and many others uses. Quinoa plant can grow up to a height of 1- 3 m depending upon sowing density. The roots penetrate almost 30 cm deep in rhizosphere. Stem is cylindrical, 2- 3.5 cm in diameter. Seeds are round to flattened, 1.5- 4 mm in diameter and in 1 g there are 300-350 seeds. Seeds also vary in color and size. The color may vary from black to white and grey. It can be grown on variety of soils ranging from clayey to sandy soils having pH 4.5 to 9 and is also well adaptive to frost, salinity and can tolerate water deficit conditions.Application:Quinoa Industry
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Agronomy,University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF)
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(26).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Department of Agronomy Nadeem Akber and Zubair AslamDirect Seeded Rice (DSR) TechnologyRice transplanting is the conventionally used method in rice growing countries of Asia especially Pakistan. But it is no more cost-effective because of water scarcity, unavailability of labor and high cost of production. Transplanting technique has to be replaced with a resource efficient, economical and productive method of sowing without compromising the yield and net production to ensure the food security in future. Direct Seeded Rice (DSR) in place of the traditional transplanted rice is a way to reduce labor charges for nursery raising, puddling and transplanting. DSR is sown directly into the moist soil like wheat, corn or cotton and does not need continuous submergence so it reduces overall water requirement. Production Technology: The land should be prepared to produce a leveled seedbed with fine tilth free of weeds. Fine seed bed ensures better yield because of good germination and crop stand, root proliferation, fertilizer efficiency. Planting Techniques and Seed Rates: Sowing is done in moist soils or in dry soil (immediately irrigated) with a specifically designed DSR drill and calibrated to deliver desired seed quantity keeping 9ʺ row spacing. Seed should be moistened in water for overnight to hasten germination. Soaked seed should, however, be dried in shade to avoid stickiness of wet seed for drilling. Soaking of seed with fungicide eliminates or reduces seed borne and soil-borne diseases. The seed rate for direct seeding of ne grain rice varieties should be 16-18 kg and for coarse varieties 14-16 kg per acre. Seed should be sown 2-3cm deep for good crop stand as placing seed deeper will result in poor emergence. Sowing Time: The best planting time for DSR is from end of June to early July. This, coupled with the fact that DSR matures 10-12 days earlier, enables early planting of the following wheat crop. Seeding too early causes crop sterility due to high temperature at anthesis. Fertilizer Application: Optimum quantity of fertilizer needed depends on the nutritional status of the fields; however, a generalized recommendation of fertilizer use consists of 2.5 bags urea, 2 bags DAP and 1 bag potassium sulphate. All P and K, 1/3 of N should be drilled along with the seed; the remaining N can be rd rd applied in two splits; 1/3 after 25 days of sowing and 1/3 after 40-45 days. In areas where zinc deficiency occurs zinc must be applied as zinc sulphate (35% Zn) @ 5 kg/acre. Irrigation Management: Irrigation is critical in DSR especially at earlier stages. Soil must be kept moist for the rst 12 days to ensure complete germination. First irrigation should be applied a days after sowing followed by prest emergence weedicides one day after 1 irrigation. If, however, heavy soaking dose is applied rst irrigation can be delayed until after emergence. In that case herbicide application should be done in the evening after sowing. DSR crop does not require continuous submergence and can be safely irrigated when hairline cracks appear on the soil. Moisture stress should be avoided at tillering, panicle initiation, and grain filling stages which are crucial for obtaining higher yields. At these stages it is advisable to keep fields flooded. The last irrigation should be applied 20 days before harvesting. DSR is an aerobic rice production and may show iron deciency symptoms in some soils. Flooding or submerging the field corrects these symptoms. Major weeds of DSR: In Pakistan, the major DSR weeds are bermuda gApplication:Advancement in Direct Seeded Rice (DSR) Technology
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Agronomy,University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF)
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(27).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Department of Agronomy Irfan Afzal and Shahzad Maqsood Ahmed BasraSeed Enhancement TechnologyHigh seed quality is a prerequisite for field emergence, stand establishment and efficient crop production, higher yield, and thereby farmers income. Precise plantability of agronomic and horticultural seeds having higher-value and larger-profit is an issue in green house as well as eld. Farmers have to use more seeds than recommended seed rate, which increases their input cost. Postharvest seed processing technologies like coating and pelleting are being used widely to enhance the seed quality through providing seeds a suitable microenvironment for their fast germination and better growth. These products are more suitable for precise placement in the field and greenhouse, which ultimately increases final stand establishment, crop uniformity, and decreased seed and production costs. Seed coating provides an economical approach to seed enhancement, especially for large seeded agronomic and horticultural crops in which seed enhancement material (fungicide, insecticide, or micronutrient) is placed directly on the seed without obscuring the seed shape. While seed pelleting has been used to modify the physical shape and size of the seed to facilitate precision planting of very small and/or irregular shaped vegetable, ornamental, and some agronomic seeds. This is a complex process as the pellets must have adequate durability and weight for accurate placement and the proper combination of filler, binder, and other additives to allow seed germination. Unfortunately, such technologies are not being practiced in Pakistan due to trade secret of foreign companies. For this purpose, low cost coating and pelleting technologies have been developed at Seed Physiology Lab, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad. Testing and selection are the initial steps for formulation of seed coating polymers, which depend upon a number of parameters. The selection of pelleting materials has to take into account the moisture and oxygen uptake requirements of the seed. This technology was tailored to suit the demand of few national vegetable seed companies who send their seeds to other countries like China and India for coating and pelleting. Layers can be added such as crop protection compounds, biologicals, nutrients and other additives that protect and stimulate the growth of the young seedling . We have developed coating/pelleting agents by exploring alternative organic and cheaper local sources in comparison with material developed by foreign seed companies. These coating materials are available in both powder and liquid forms. The efforts are being continued for dissemination of this technology to local seed companies and informal seed sectors which lack proper infrastructure. The price could increase with the addition of growth regulator, inoculant, fungicide, insecticide, or micronutrient to improve the seed performance that depends upon the needs and specifications of the customers. We are able to offer a customized formulation that suits the needs of Pakistan seed industry. We will also organize technical and educational workshops for capacity building of seed industry keeping in view the growing demand of these technologies. Application:Seed Technology
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Agronomy,University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF)
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(28).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Department of Agronomy Irfan Afzal Dry Chain TechnologyFood supplies are limited in developing countries by both yield gaps and postharvest losses. Reducing wastage can improve food quality, safety and security, as up to one-third of food produced is lost after harvest. Losses of fresh fruits and vegetables often receive the most attention, but cereals, oilseeds and pulses account for more than 60% of the food calories lost globally. The primary cause of such losses is poor storage conditions, especially high moisture contents (MC) that promote mold and insect damage. In autumn season, open-air drying is unable to reduce commodity MC to safe levels that prevent fungal growth. Even when harvest occurs in dry seasons and the commodities can be dried to low MC, they are predominantly stored in porous (e.g., jute or woven) bags, allowing increases in MC during monsoon seasons and enabling product spoilage. Formal and informal seed sectors are often unable to dry their products sufficiently to store them safely. We have implemented a new Dry Chain technology by focusing on cereal seeds, which represent higher values for seed sector and are critically important for human and livestock consumption under USPCAS-AFS funded project. Dry Chain concept involves drying of the product (whether through natural or artificial means) as soon as possible after harvest followed by hermetic packaging to maintain dryness in the value chain until use. Once dried and packaged, no further energy or infrastructural input is required to preserve quality and prevent aflatoxin accumulation. We are putting our efforts to strengthen the technical capacity of public institutions and the seed industry of Pakistan by implementing and demonstrating the efficacy and economic impacts of the Dry Chain for preserving seeds without pesticide treatments.Application:Enhance life of Food Seed through the advancement in Dry Chain Technology
Funding Agency: U.S.-Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Agriculture and Food Security (USPCAS - AFS)
Address:Department of Agronomy,University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF)
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(29).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Department of Plant Breeding and GeneticsIftikhar Ahmad Khan, Faqir Muhammad Azhar, Hafeez Ahmad Sadaqat, Asif Ali, Tanwir Ahmad Malik, Tariq Manzoor Khan, Azeem Iqbal Khan, Amir Shakeel, MasPB-896, A High Yielding Cotton Strain Developed by Cotton Research Group, BGKeeping in view the importance of cotton in economy of the country, Cotton Research Group in the Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics is maintaining and developing new germplasm having more ginning turnout, good fiber quality traits, and tolerant to biotic and abiotic stresses. Under the current scenario of climate change, cotton research team has developed an elite line PB-896 (Figure 1) that showed overwhelming performance and secured top position among non-Bt group in National Co-ordinated Varietal Trials (NCVT)- 2015-16 in Punjab province, conducted by Pakistan Central Cotton Committee (PCCC) at various research institutes/centers. This bulk is developed by hybridization of local and exotic genotypes available in the germplasm available with group. The bulk has produced 39% higher production than CIM-573 (standard) even though cotton situation was poor during this cropping season in Pakistan (Table 1). This strain has potential of 3000 to 3500 kg/ha. It has 40% ginning out turn and 30 mm staple length (Table 2). Because of high GOT and staple length it would also be preferred by cotton ginners as well as textile industrialists. This elite line has good tolerance against cotton leaf curl disease which is one of the factors for reducing yield in Indo-Pak continent. PB-896 addresses the issues in an excellent manner because it possesses hairiness traits which protect from an infestation of sucking insects i.e. white fly and aphids. In near future, there will be shortage of female pickers in cotton growing areas of Pakistan. To overcome this up-coming problem, PB-896 is suitable for mechanical picking due to its semi-erect plant shape uniform boll opening. UAF is trying to import tractor driven pickers, and this strain will be used on trial bases. In next year cotton season, the potential of PB-896 will be explored by using various agronomic practices with collaboration of Department of Agronomy, UAF. This line can tolerate heat and water stress, therefore, it has potential to boost production in different agro-ecological zones of Punjab. Therefore, it is believed that it would be approved as commercial variety by the Government of the Punjab.Application:Enhance Cotton Productivity through Breeding Process
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address: Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF)
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(30).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Department of Plant Breeding and GeneticsHafeez Ahmad Sadaqat, Farooq Ahmad Khan and Hammad Nadeem Tahir Brassica Oilseed Developed by Plant Breeding and Genetics, UAFDespite a large number of crop options, Pakistan is suffering from acute shortage of edible oil. About 75% of the total foreign exchange reserved for import of food commodities is spent on the import of edible oil. Edible oil of Rs.136.92 billion was imported during 2015-16 which is second to petroleum imports. Demand for edible oil is increasing with an increase in population. With a per capita consumption of 20 Kg/annum, the country requires about 2.667 Million tons of edible oil annually; almost 70% of this is imported and only 30% is domestically produced. Cotton-seed contributes almost 74% of the domestic production and remaining is produced from rapeseed/mustard, sunower and canola. The Brassicas are important oilseeds contributing a big share in the total edible oil production in Pakistan after cottonseed. Increase in the seed and oil yield of brassicas can bridge the gap between demand and domestic production of edible oil in the country. One of the major causes of low yield of oilseeds in our country is the unavailability of high yielding and early maturing varieties which could fit in our cropping patterns. Development of high yielding varieties of brassicas will enhance the production of oilseeds per unit area, increase the farmer income, bridge the gap between production and consumption of edible oils. Endeavors made to achieve the so set targets in the department of Plant Breeding and Genetics resulted an elite type UAF-11. This is short stature, early maturing and has higher seed oil contents than all the present-day varieties of Brassica oilseeds. It is envisaged that it would enhance the production by increasing the seed yield per acre as well as oil yield per acre since it has around 49% seed oil contents. Therefore, it has the potential to take a room in the cropping pattern of different zones in PakistanApplication:Enhance Brassica Oilseed through Breeding Process
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF)
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(31).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Department of Plant Breeding and GeneticsMuhammad Aslam , AbduRahman BeshirIntroduction of Pro-vitamin A Bio-fortified Maize Hybrids in PakistanProvitamin A is fat soluble carotenogenic vitamin that is essentially important for eye sight, gene transcription, immune function, embryonic development, reproductive functioning, bone metabolism, hematopoiesis, skin and cellular health. Vitamin A deciency (VAD) is globally prevailing with more severity in developing countries. Almost every 3 child under the age of five is suffering from VAD. Approximately 0.25–0.5 million children are getting blindness each year, Particularly in Southeast Asia and Africa. Almost 190 million children of pre-school age and 19 million pregnant or lactating women are suffering from VAD across the world in developing countries. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Pakistan has severe sub-clinical vitamin A deficiency (VAD). Mortality rate in Pakistan due to VAD is higher than India, Bangladesh and Nepal. Number of vitamin A deficit children is increasing since 2001 and more than 50% children are suffering from VAD in Pakistan. In 2001, only 5% females were suffering from VAD whereas, currently 42% females are suffering from VAD. Nutritional diversification, industrial fortification, pharmaceutical supplementation and bio-fortification are the possible solutions to overcome VAD. Diversification, fortification, and supplementation are of high cost; need more technical skills and effective only as short term solution. Bio-fortification is most convenient, accessible, affordable and preferable due to better performance based on disability adjusted life years (DALYs). Maize research group, Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, UAF is one of the leading partners of the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) for the validation and deployment of Provitamin A maize hybrids in order to mitigate the problem of vitamin A deficiency in Pakistan. The collaboration, which is part of the USAID funded Agricultural Innovation Program (AIP) for Pakistan, involves testing of promising Provitamin A hybrids across different ecologies and maize growing seasons of Pakistan including but not limited to areas in Faisalabad, Sahiwal, Arifwala, Lahore, Pirsabak, and Islamabad. Among the evaluated hybrids at UAF for the last two seasons, HP1097-18, HP1097-11 and HP1097-2 were having highest grain yield potential and pro-vitamin A contents compared to well known commercial hybrid checks. Grain yield potential for HP1097-18, HP1097-11 and HP1097-2 were 148, 143 and 140 maunds per acre, respectivelyApplication:Maize Industry (Productivity)
Funding Agency:United States Agency for International Development(USAID)
Address:Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF)
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(32).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Department of Plant Breeding and GeneticsHafeez Ahmad Sadaqat, Amir Bibi and Masood QadirHigh Yielding Sorghum for Kharif FodderAlthough Pakistan has one of the best kinds of livestock in the world. The existing livestock feeding practices are inefficient to meet the domestic requirement of milk and meat. There is inadequate supply ofgood quality fodder in required quantity. Shortage of green fodder during Kharif season is a serious issue. A prolonged period of high temperature along with drought stress causes extensive damage to crops or prevents their successful growth in Kharif season. There are two major crops options in kharif; maize and sorghum. Maize is consuming more water. Farmers are looking for water saving alternative of maize. Sorghum tolerates heat and drought stress in Kharif season. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is a multiuse crop grown both for feed, food and bioenergy.University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF) has developed a unique germplasm of sorghum consisting of 250 cultivars. These maintained cultivars offer signicant amount of variation for various purposes; high tonnage/biomass yield, protein contents, sugar contents, lodging resistance and stay green trait. Almost all kinds of gene sources including resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses are available at UAF. Six elite lines (open pollinated) genotypes of sorghum are being made to address the issue of Kharif fodder shortage production, having high yield and better nutritional quality. These elite varieties have very thick and juicy stem, broader leaves with no sharp margins and are free of pubescence. These elite lines have been evaluated in Preliminary yield trials (PYT) and two seasons of Advanced Yield Trials (AYT) (Table 1). In Pakistan, so far, varieties of fodder sorghum are registered and approved only for high fodder yield and no single variety is registered for better quality. Application:Sorghum Industry
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF)
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(33).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Department of Plant Breeding and GeneticsHafeez Ahmad Sadaqat, Amir Bibi and Masood QadirMultipurpose Grain SorghumSorghum is a wide genus with many species, including S. bicolor, S. helepense and S. sudanense it can also be classified as grain sorghums, fodder sorghums (for pasture and hay) and sweet sorghums (for medicinal uses and biofuel). Environment adaptation is the single most important factor for selection of sorghum during Kharif season over maize; as both crops are comparable in costs of production and in nutrition. Grain sorghum requires less irrigation water than maize, and can tolerate extreme summers. It is a better option of cereal crop to produce better yields than corn in hotter and drier areas. It has a diversity of uses, including human consumption and animal feed. Globally, over half of all sorghum is used for human consumption. Grain sorghum is used for ours, porridges and side dishes, malted and distilled beverages, and specialty foods such as popped grain. Plant Breeders have developed and identied many distinctive genotypes of sorghum crop for multipurpose uses. UAF maintains genetic purity of sorghum for maximum utilization in breeding programs. As sorghum is an often cross pollinated crop. So to reproduce true to type and to maintain genetic identity, needs careful plant to plant observations and research. UAF has rich gene source of sorghum, including new and distinct varieties for grain purpose. These varieties have bold open/compact and branched panicle with high grain yield Figure 1). Variations in grain color also, including, off white, reddish brown, dark brown and light brown with dot on seed. All these colors are genetically controlled and linked with many beneficial quality characters. Application:Sorghum Industry
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF)
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(34).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Centre for Agricultural Biochemistry and Biotechnology (CABB),Muhammad Sarwar Khan, Iqrar Ahmad Khan, Ghulam Mustafa and Faiz Ahmad JoyiaHerbicide Tolerant Transgenic SugarcanePakistan is the 11th largest producer of sugarcane in the world. Most of the varieties approved and being cultivated in Pakistan are developed through superior-line selection-based method from imported fuzz, sugarcane seed from different sugarcane growing countries including; Australia, Brazil, Sri Lanka and USA. Irrigation system in Pakistan particularly in Punjab is canal based and canal water is a major source of weeds in farmer fields that lowers yield up to 40% . A recent trend of rural-urban migration has put sugarcane growers in a very difficult position as far as labor availability is concerned. An alternative to labor is the use of chemical sprays to control weeds. Selective herbicides have been used to control crop-competing weeds. Weed control is becoming more difficult due to resistance development in weeds against selective herbicides. Non-selective herbicides are always desirable for the control of weeds because of their diversied mode of action. Developing transgenic plants against non-selective herbicides is one of the most successful practice. More than 61% transgenic crops are herbicide tolerant. Glufosinate is a non-selective herbicide to control weeds. It is applied to young plants during early development for full effectiveness. It is sold in formulations under brands including Basta, Rely, Finale, Challenge and Liberty to control weeds and for crop desiccation to facilitate harvesting. Application:Sugarcane Industry
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Centre for Agricultural Biochemistry and Biotechnology (CABB), University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(35).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Centre for Agricultural Biochemistry and Biotechnology (CABB),Siddra Ijaz, Iqrar Ahmad Rana and Iqrar Ahmad KhanRed Rot Resistant Transgenic SugarcaneSugarcane is a multipurpose commercial crop of Pakistan. Due to its worldwide significance as an agricultural article of trade, a lot of research has been focused on the improvement of sugarcane crop through breeding and recently through biotechnological approaches. Sugarcane is subjected to many diseases caused by fungi, bacteria, nematodes and viruses. Red rot disease caused by a fungus, Colletotrichum falcatum, is one of the major, oldest, widely distributed and cumented disease of sugarcane in Punjab and Sindh provinces. The defense response/ PR genes function in a variety of ways to hinder fungal infection and the expression of these genes in transgenic plants has been documented to augment fungal resistance. Literature also supports the co-expression of genes encoding chitinase and chitosanase to enhance plant defense against fungal pathogens. Therefore, we co-expressed the genes for Chitinase and Chitosanase enzymes, in red rot susceptible genotype (S-2003-us-359) of sugarcane to enhance its resistance against fungal pathogens. For this, heterologous expression of a couple of antifungal genes (HarChit and HarCho encoding Chitinase and Chitosanase enzymes respectively) from Trichoderma harzianum was achieved into sugarcane genotype S-2003-us-359 for inducing resistance against Colletotrichum falcatum. The philosophy behind the co-expression of these genes is the synergistic enhancement of antifungal activity when these enzymes are used together. In this study, a total of 684 calli were bombarded for delivering these two antifungal genes along with selectable marker gene bar and were put on to the tissue culture regime having Basta as selection pressure. In selection regime, 12 Basta resistant putative transgenic plants were selected on 10 mg/l Basta which makes a transformation frequency of 1.75%, as shown in Figures below. Application:Sugarcane Industry
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Centre for Agricultural Biochemistry and Biotechnology (CABB), University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(36).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Department of Entomology, Jam Nazeer Ahmad, Rashid Mushtaq, Samina Jam Nazeer Ahmad and Mubasher Ahmad MalikDevelopment of Biopesticides from DNA Based Identified Nucleo Polyhedro Viruses (NPVs) for the Management of Insect Pest of Major CropsThe chewing insect pests commonly known as armyworm (Spodoptera litura), American bollworm (Helicoverpa armigera), pink bollworm (Pectinophora gossypiella), spotted bollworm (Earias insulana), diamond back (Plutella xylotilla) moth and cabbage buttery (Pieris brassicae) causes significant damage to important crops in Pakistan. Most of them are damaging pests for the cotton, vegetables and oilseed crops by feeding on leaves, squares, flowers and bolls. The insect pest management is mainly dominated by the use of broad-spectrum insecticides, which disrupt the beneficial insect fauna, leading to pest resurgence and outbreaks of secondary pests, as well as risk to human health and environment. The use of biocontrol agents like baculoviruses (BVs) especially against the important agricultural and forest pests is a pesticide alternative control method, which is completely eco-friendly and environmentally benign. The Baculoviridae comprises 600 viruses, including two genera, the nucleopolyhedroviruses (NPVs) and the granuloviruses (GVs).The cuboidal shaped Nucleopolyhedrosis virus (NPV is host specific and used as a safe microbial pesticide. Under favourable conditions, it multiplies in the field and reduces the natural pest population. NPVs have great potential against lepidoptera's insects. Due to the deposition of occluded viruses (OVs), infected larvae die, become pale in colour and rise to the highest part of the crop. Therefore, keeping in view the importance of NPVs and insect parasitoids, we have recently identified and isolated Lepidoptera's specific Baculoviruses (NPVs) in our Integrated, Genomics, Cellular, Developmental and Biotechnology Laboratory at PARS campus, UAF, for the control of Lepidoptera insect pests and developed bio pesticides against them (Fig. 1-2). We have also identified some very important native lepidopterous specific parasitoids to control these pests.Application:Development of Biopesticides
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Intergrated Genomics Cellular Developmental and Biotechnology Lab, PARS Campus, Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakist
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(37).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Department of EntomologyJam Nazeer Ahmad, Samina Jam Nazeer Ahmad, Muhammad Aslam, Sajid Sharif, Muhammad Rashid, Mubasher Ahmad Malik and Muhammad Ejaz AhmadIdentification of potential Biological Control agents and their implementation Strategy for the management of insect pest of Major cropsPakistan is an agricultural country and it is very important to produce good quality oil and fodder. Brassica and some other important crops are attacked by a number of pests including lepidopterists, sawflies, beetles and aphids. Cabbage aphid (Brevicoryne brassicae), turnip aphid (Lipaphis erysimi) and green peach aphid (Myzus persicae), diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella) and Cabbage buttery (Pieris Brassicae) are most destructive pests.Aphids are the main insect pests in India and northern European agriculture, and are also important pests in horticulture both in field and greenhouse production, causing damage to crops either directly by feeding or by transmitting plant viral diseases. Three species of aphids, i.e., cabbage aphid (Fig. 1E, F), turnip aphid (Fig. 1C, D), and green peach aphid (Fig. 1G, H) are more abundant and widely distributed. Aphid infested plants show slow growth, which results in seed yield loss of 9-77% causing an 11% reduction in seed oil content. A 75 to 80% yield loss because of infestations of B. brassicae and Lipaphis erysimi Kaltenbach on oilseed brassicas was recorded in Pakistan. Moreover, L. erysimi is a harmful insect on Brassica oil seeds, especially on B. juncea in India and in other tropical regions of the world, causing up to 83% yield loss. More than thirty-four insecticides belonging to various groups are being applied to control lepidopteran pests, including Spodoptera spp., in Pakistan. This indiscriminate use and ill practice of pesticide application without pest scouting are the main causes of the development of resistance in insects of this region. There are more than 400 species of aphid parasitoids known worldwide. Diaeretiella rapae (M'Intosh) belonging to order Hymenoptera and family Braconidae has been reported to play a role in preventing outbreaks of aphids in cruciferous crops. In this context, we have developed a well-equipped laboratory and insect rearing chambers for potential parasitoids identification and mass rearing to control important insect pests of various crops (Activity of our running international Project). We have identified and reared an effective aphid aparasitoid, Diaeretiella rapae and parasitoid of cabbage buttery Cotesia glumerata and Parasitoids of lepidopterous insect pest's (Fig.2)in our laboratory for the control of aphid's species successfully. We have also identified some of transmitted NPV viruses, venom proteins/peptides on molecular level from these parasitoids for the synthesis of recombinant proteins that could be used as bio-pesticides in future. By using bio-control agents, we can reduce pesticide dependence, save foreign exchange, save environment and health of human beings.Application: Potential Biological Control agents for the insect pest of Major crops
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Intergrated Genomics Cellular Developmental and Biotechnology Lab, PARS campus, Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(38).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Department of Entomology,Waqas WakilEntomopathogenic fungi and diatomaceous earths for the control of Tribolium castaneum (Herbst.) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) on stored wheatAlternative control measures are very much necessary to be researched out for stored grain insect pests due to increased societal concerns and demand for residual free food. Keeping these intentions in mind for safer storage of food commodities, the present studies were designed to evaluate different indigenous isolates of entomopathogenic fungi and available diatomaceous earths (DEs) against the adults of Tribolium castaneum Herbst (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). The detailed survey of the different areas was conducted to collect soil samples and the associated fungi were isolated using the Galleria bait method. The grain samples were collected and total 25,720 insects of different species were sieved which were processed for the isolation of fungal species. Among 220 soil samples 168 fungal isolates were recovered and identified with 98 from forests, 32 from vegetables, 30 from field crops and 8 from fruits. On the other hand, 195 isolates of different fungi were isolated from the cadavers of various insect species. Then, 38 autochthonous isolates of entomopathogenic fungi were tested against adults of T. casatneum and B. bassiana, M. anisopliae and P.lilacianus isolates exhibited >70% mortality. The performance of available DE formulations was also assessed at different dose rates and exposure intervals. The results revealed the lethal action of DE formulations exhibiting different levels of efficacy against T. castaneum. The findings of this project confirmed that entomopathogenic fungal isolates of different genera possess high mortality level against T. castaneum; additionally, the DE formulations are also have great potential to be used in IPM programs aimed at the bio-rational control practices of stored grain insect pests.Application:Fungi Industry
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(39).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Department of EntomologyRashad Rasool KhanMass Rearing Technique of a Larval Parasitoid; Bracon hebetor and its Integration with Insecticides for the Management of Lepidopterous InsectsCrop production in the present era is dependent upon integrated plant protection measures to combat natural pests and diseases. These measures also include the integration of chemical insecticides with natural biocontrol agents (entomophagous insects) for the suppression of insect pest populations. Mostly, the chemical insecticides are not produced in developing countries and are imported for formulations, though accompanied by safety data sheet but still needs recertification of certain toxicities in local environments besides being efficacious against pests and diseases. The natural enemies of insect pests, also known as biological control agents, include predators, parasitoids, and pathogens. Bracon hebetor, primarily recognized as an ectoparasitoid of the larvae of many Pyralid pest-species attacking stored grain; is considered to have a potential for the biological control of many other Lepidopteran pests of various crops, because it is highly aggressive. It occurs naturally, throughout the world. There is a growing evidence that B. hebetor can also be an important bio-control agent of Helicoverpa armigera. It is used in Turkmenistan, on cotton, and to a lesser extent in Uzbekistan, where they rely more on Trichogramma pintoi. In order to obtain the efficient control of the pests by integrating the chemical and biological control, we have developed the methodology for the mass rearing of Bracon hebetor in the laboratory. Its release in the Field gave encouraging results for the management of Spodoptera litura.Application:Mass Rearing Technique of a Larval Parasitoid
Funding Agency:Pakistan Academy of Sciences
Address:Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(40).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Department of EntomologyWaqas WakilMicrobial and non-conventional management practices for tomato fruitworm Helicoverpa armigera Hübner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in PunjabThis project represents the first research study on the distribution, losses, microbial and non conventional integrated management of H.armigera on tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Miller) in Punjab, Pakistan. In this project the larvae were reared on the novel artificial diet developed in the laboratory and was compared with the existing available diets. The blending of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) and red kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) our mixed with tomato paste proved highly favorable for the adult reproduction and did not decline the vitality of the tomato fruitworm, this is one of the most significant outcome of the project. In different assays, the combination of Beauveria bassiana and B.thuringiensis toxin proved effective in combination rather than their alone treatments. The lower dose of B. bassiana with both concentrations of B. thuringiensis showed additive effect on mortality of H. armigera while higher dose of B. bassiana synergistically enhanced the mortality. Similarly, the applications of nuclear polyhedrosis virus (NPV) with B. thuringiensis proved effective against tomato fruitworm by extending the larval and pupal growth and decreasing the adult duration when neonates were fed on NPV and B. thuringiensis mixed diet. Similarly, the combinations of NPV with Azadirachta indica and chlorantraniliprole gave higher mortality, reduced pupation and produced additive effect compared to their alone applications for all test populations of H. armigera. These tactics were validated in the tomato fields, the chlorantraniliprole was found the most effective with minimum larval population and fruit infestation which lead to the highest yield and cost-benet ratio (CBR), on the other hand, the maximum number of natural allies viz Chrysoperla carnea, spiders, Tetranychus species, lady bird beetle and predatory bugs were recorded in plants sprayed with BION. In another field trial, the nuclear polyhedrosis virus (HaNPV), B. thuringiensis, B. bassiana, Jasmonic acid (JA) alone and in combination was evaluated for the sustainable management of this notorious insect pest. All the treatments significantly reduced the larval population of H. armigera when compared to untreated control. The combined application of HaNPV + chlorantraniliprole was found to be superior among all other treatments in reducing larval population, fruit losses and increasing yield. The trials conducted during present study present the baseline data on the management of tomato fruitworm suggesting the potential use of microbial control agents as the integral part of successful integrated management program of fruitworm in tomato production systems. Application:Enhance Tomato Productivity through Microbial and non-conventional management practices
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(41).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Agriculture Extension & Rural DevelopmentTanvir Ali, Babar Shahbaz and Ahsan Raza SattarCreating Knowledge-Based Society through Agricultural Technology Transfer via FM RadioAn FM radio was installed at UAF campus. It was inaugurated on August 14, 2012. Material concerning the assessed needs of the clients in the FM radio area coverage is being broadcast. Scientific information related to various disciplines of agriculture, veterinary medicine, agri. engineering, social issues and related sciences have been disseminated in the form of talks, discussion, news items and live shows. Research, education and extension linkages were strengthened. Radio programs prepared by the Department of Agriculture (Information) are also being broadcast by FM radio of the University. This is a program of two hours duration. The radio broadcasts developed scientific attitudes among listeners and created thrust of knowledge for solving life problems. The timely supply of information enabled them to cope with emergencies and vulnerabilities. FM radio also served as a laboratory for Agri. Extension students. They were involved in planning, conducting, and broadcasting radio information. Farmers' talks were broadcast to share their knowledge and experience with rest of the community. All this resulted in creation of knowledge based and knowledge led society in the vicinity of UAF FM radio 100.4MHz.Application:Enhance Former's Knowledge Through technolog
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Institute of Agri. Extension & Rural Development, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(47).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Agriculture Extension & Rural DevelopmentBaber ShahbazCyber Extension Zarai BaithakThis “technology transfer project”initiated with the funding form UAF Endowment Fund, had the core objective of utilizing the power of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) for dissemination of agricultural information and linking researchers with the farmers through internet. An information portal (www.zaraibaithak.com) was developed to provide access of agricultural information to small farmers who have least access to agricultural extension and advisory services. Keeping in view the limited usage of computer and internet at the village level, it was a challenge to link farmers with the extension academia through internet. In this context, a cyber-extension laboratory was developed at the Institute of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development of UAF. The information portal was the foremost step towards promoting the culture of ICT based agricultural technology transfer in the rural areas. A team of experts from different departments (Agronomy, Agri. Extension, Livestock Management, Horticulture, Plant Pathology, Farm Machinery etc.) of University of Agriculture, Faisalabad and Directorate of Agriculture (Ext. and A.R), Government of the Punjab was formed for responding queries of the farmers. Application:Resolves Farmers queries through online Portal
Funding Agency: UAF Endowment Fund
Address:Institute of Agri. Extension & Rural Development, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(48).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Agriculture Extension & Rural DevelopmentBaber ShahbazCommunity Mobilization through OutreachSocial mobilization is essential for rural development and enhancing agricultural productivity through collective action in the rural areas. However in rural Punjab it is always a challenge to bring communities together for collective work due to heterogeneous socio-economic and cultural environment. Universities, being perceived as neutral entities, can act as catalyst in this regards by mobilizing farming community through research based solutions. In this context, the Outreach Chair of US-Pakistan Centre for Advanced Studies in Agriculture and Food Security (USPCASAFS) has established the Community Outreach Centers in six villages to enhance the direct interaction of UAF faculty and the farming community. These centers are equipped with ICT tools and also link the rural community with agricultural experts of UAF through direct interaction and also through information and communication technology. Participatory need assessment surveys were conducted in the selected villages and based on the survey results, need based training sessions and expert talks are being arranged on regular basis. An important component of this initiative is gender mainstreaming in which a team of rural sociologists is working with the female farmers for their capacity building. Keeping in view the fact that rural youth is taking less interest in the farming activities, a program for rural youth and school children is being initiated.Application:Enhancing agricultural productivity by Social mobilization through collective action in the rural areas
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Institute of Agri. Extension & Rural Development, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(49).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and TechnologyAnjum Munir , Khawar Saeed Khan and Abdul GhafoorEnergy Efficient Solar Milk ChillerPakistan is the forth largest milk producing country in the world (34million tonnes annually) while the larger proportion of producers are small scale farmers (>80%). Unfortunately, only 5% of this milk is processed while other is handled by Milkman which is mostly unhygienic at high health risks especially for the infants. Moreover, the farming community do not get proper price for milk due to nonavailability of processing facilities at farm level. The prices of Nestle packed milk is about Rs. 110 per litre which is not easily affordable because unpasteurized local milk is about Rs. 70 per litre and available easily. The pasteurized milk can be preserved for longer shelf life thus increasing its shelf life and marketability. The promotion of small-scale agro-based industries for value addition and income generation using innovative solar technologies can become a multiplier in rural development. An energy efficient solar milk chiller was developed as a part of research and demand of the livestock department of the Government of Punjab as well as the farming community who wish to process and store milk in the chilled form. The milk processing is a rapid growing business but high energy running cost is a serious problem. With solar based technology milk is chilled with cheapest source of energy which is solar energy available in Pakistan for more than 300 sunny days in a year. Solar energy is the medium of energy production for this technology and the milk is cooled down to 4ºC in the chiller within 2 hours (standard time by WHO).Application:Increases Milk Life & Quality through solar milk chiller
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Energy Systems Engineering, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(50).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and TechnologyAnjum Munir and Arslan AfzalSolar Distillation SystemThe promotion of small scale agro-based industries by using innovative solar collectors can open new opportunities in rural development. Essential oils extraction from medicinal and aromatic plants is one of the medium temperature agro-based industries. These oils are used for medicinal and pharmaceutical purposes, food and food ingredients, herbal tea, cosmetics, perfumery, aromatherapy, pest, and disease control, dying in textiles, gelling agents, plant growth regulators and paper making. A single ounce of most of the oils has worth thousands of dollars. In the last decade, the oil remedies have gained enormous popularity in industrialized countries particularly in the multimillion-dollar aromatherapy business. Essential oils are extracted from various parts of the plant like leaves, roots, wood, bark, seeds/fruits, owers, buds, branches, twigs. Out of all extraction methods, the distillation methods have advantages of extracting pure and refined essential oils by evaporating the volatile essence of the plant material. At present, there are large and centralized distillation units mostly located in city areas. Due to their high operating costs, these are, sometimes, unmanageable by farmers or even groups of farmers in most of the developing countries. Further, some essential oils come from extremely delicate flowers and leaves that must be processed soon after harvesting. Thus, for functional, economic and environmental reasons, there is need of a decentralized solar based distillation unit. Due to lack of adequate facilities for the decentralised solar distillation, farmers prefer to dry their product rather to sell it at very low price. Results show that conventional drying methods such as open sun drying and conventional-fuel dryers are not suitable which deteriorate the essential oils components in the medicinal plants. Moreover, the drying process necessitates an enormous amount of thermal and electrical energy. The on-farm solar distillation is a decentralised approach to reduce the post-harvest losses and to prevent spoilage of essential oil components by processing the fresh medicinal plants. Application:small scale agro-based industries by using innovative solar collectors
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Energy Systems Engineering, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(51).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and TechnologyAnjum MunirFloating Drum Biogas Plants for Rural EnergyPakistan is facing severe energy crises from last decade which has adversely affected the agricultural, industrial and commercial sector in the country. Due to increasing prices of primary energy sources and its limited supply in future, the scientist community worldwide have already started work to explore alternate sources of energy. In this regard, many developments have been carried out in the field of renewable energy sources from last few decades. Renewable energy sources viz. biogas, solar energy, wind energy, biomass energy has huge potential for energy generation. Being an agricultural country, livestock is one of the biggest sector in Pakistan with a total population of 72 million animals (cows and buffalos) producing approximately 720 million dungs. Considering 50% collectability about 360 million dung can be used for biogas production. It is estimated that about 18 million of biogas can be produced (@ 0.05m per kg) using this collectable dung. This biogas can be used to produce about 1243MW electricity in the country. Usage of biogas is also environment friendly as well as inexpensive source of energy generation. The most ideal utilization of biogas technology in rural areas of Pakistan could be for cooking, heating and tubewell operation. Keeping in view the above facts, two biogas plants have been installed at University of Agriculture, Faisalabad having total capacities of 25 and 40m . The feeding rates of 25 m plant having 3.8m depth and 3.2 m diameter and 40m plant having 4.1 m depth and 3.8m diameter are 400 and 650 kg, respectively which is collected from University Dairy Farms having total of 300 animals. The dung is mixed with water by 1:1 on mass basis and supplied in the inlet of biogas plant. The total biogas produced from 25 and 40 m biogas plants is 20 and 32.5 m per day respectively. Considering 70% plant efficiency, a total of 36.75 m per day biogas can be produced from both plants. This biogas is used to run a 0.75 cusec tubewell for 6 hours a day. The biogas is puried using dehumidifier and scrubber to remove moisture contents and H S to prevent the engine from corrosion. Two storage tanks have been used to store biogas at a pressure of 5 bar to run a 20hp engine continuously for 6 hoursdaily with 70:30 biogas-diesel ratio as shown in Figure 1. Application:Increased Agriculture Productivity by using Renewable energy like bio-mass
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Energy Systems Engineering, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(52).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and TechnologyAnjum Munir, Muhammad Mubashar Omar, Manzoor Ahmad and Abdul GhafoorCFC Biomass GasifierThe increasing demand of energy along with reduction in the supply of fossil fuels, the researchers on the entire globe are trying to knock out such type of energy resources that are affordable. Due to an abundant quantity of biomass produced annually (82 million ton). Biomass gasification is an appropriate technology for getting energy from the generated syn gas. A downdraft biomass gasifier was designed and fabricated in the Agricultural Engineering workshop at the University of Agriculture, Faisalabad. The objective of adopting this technology is to use the agri-waste produced at farm level for thermal and power applications The reactor of continuous feeding and cleaning (CFC) gasifier is made of MS sheet having thickness of 10mm. Height of the reactor is 2438 mm. The reactor is equipped with feed hopper, vacuum valve, throat, air inlet nozzles, water seal, spark ignition system and grate. Feed hopper is provided at the top of the reactor for continuous operation of gasifier. Water seal is provided at the cap of the hopper to release the positive pressure developed inside the gasifier. Similarly vacuum valve is provided at the top of the gasifier to release the excess gas from the reactor during shut down mechanism. Air inlet nozzles are provided in the combustion zone that helps in supplying air in the gasifier under starved conditions. The number of nozzles is seven, each nozzle having 12 mm diameter. A cyclone separator is designed and developed for removing ash from the producer gas. The separator is made up of MS sheet (3 mm thick) having length 1168 mm and137 mm diameter. The separator is divided into a cone and a barrel. Inlet is provided parallel to the axis of the cyclone separator at the barrel while outlet is provided at the top of the cyclone separator. Wet scrubber is provided to remove the tar, hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxides from the producer gas. The wet scrubber is made up of MS sheet of thickness 3 mm having height 900 mm and 225 mm diameter. Four nozzles are provided at the top side of the scrubber that spray water on the producer gas coming from the upper side of the scrubberApplication:Use of the agri-waste produced at farm level for thermal and power application
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Energy Systems Engineering, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(53).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and TechnologyAnjum Munir and Muhammad TayyabSolar Continuous Roaster (SCR)Most of the industrial processes require heat below 180 C and this temperature range can easily be achieved by using different vacuum tube collectors and solar concentrators. The common processes demanding medium temperature are as: sterilization, extraction, pasteurization, air conditioning and solar cooling, drying, distillation and evaporation, washing and cleaning, hydrolyzing, and polymerization. All the mentioned processes lie in the temperature range of 60 – 280 C. In order to reduce the post-harvest losses, various food storage and processing technologies like drying and roasting are performed which cause numerous physical, chemical and nutritional changes in food, adversely affecting the quality attributes, nutritional value, anti-oxidative activity and microstructures. Several technical problems are associated with conventional methods of roasting to preserve fruits and make them edible, for example: a) Difficult to maintain controlled roasting conditions. b) Contamination by dirt, garbage and environmental pollution. c) Un-hygienic process conditions during conventional roasting. d) Transportation losses due to unavailability of on-farm processing facility. e) Value losses due to delay in processing after harvesting. To overcome above mentioned problems no solar based technology was developed to provide on-farm processing facility for roasting of agricultural products by keeping out dirt and by reducing the time of heating via controlled process under hygienic conditions. Dehydration and roasting of agricultural products is a new research area in the field of solar energy applications in medium ranged temperature (roasting temperature for different agricultural products lies between 80°C to 200°C). Keeping in view and understanding of all such facts, a decentralized solar roasting system for roasting of agricultural products (peanuts, coffee, pine nut etc.) has been designed and developed in order to provide on-farm processing facility for value addition and income generation for the small entrepreneur. Application:Solar Continuous Roaster (SCR)
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Energy Systems Engineering, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(54).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and TechnologyAnjum M unir ,Abdul Ghafoor and Waseem Amjad Glass Glazed Solar Tunnel Dryer (STD)Drying is a complex and energy intensive process used for the preservation of food material. Due to the increasing cost of electricity and fossil fuels, application of solar energy for drying of various agricultural products has become the need of the time. It is not only economical but also ceases the gas emissions. By solar drying, huge amount of national revenue can be saved by avoiding the spoilage of agricultural products due to non-availability of conventional processing facilities. Open sun drying is the most commonly used method in tropical and subtropical regions which deteriorate the quality of the product due to variation in ambient humidity, dust, attacks from insects, rodents and other animals. On the other side, for the controlled drying Hi-tech. food dryers are powered by fossil fuels and are expensive so remain unavailable for the small farmers to process their product at farm where electricity is not available. Therefore, a low cost sustainable energy technology to process agricultural produce at farm should be developed. Keeping in view the energy crises and small farming community a new solar tunnel dryer (STD) has been designed and developed at University of Agriculture Faisalabad to meet the drying needs of small farmers and small co-operatives. Instead of forcing the air through the depth of product, it is just directed over the product spread in a thin layer. The distinct feature of this dryer is the use of glass windows instead of plastic material (polythene dryer) which become fade due to dust and temperature creating hurdle for the transmitting of sun rays into the collector and drying chamber. The glass can easily be washed in case of dust problems.Application:Application of solar energy for drying of various agricultural products
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Energy Systems Engineering, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(55).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and TechnologyAnjum Munir , Iqra Ayub , Abdul Ghafoor and Waseem Amjad Solar Assisted Bakery Pakistan has been facing energy crisis for the past few years due to huge gap in supply and demand which is about 6000 MW in peak summer season. Therefore, it is necessary to develop innovative technologies for the thermal applications of renewable energy sources. Pakistan is blessed with all types of these resources like solar energy, wind energy, biogas, biomass, etc. out of which solar energy is preferable option because Pakistan lies in the solar belt receiving average solar insolation of 5–7 kWh/m /d in most parts of the country. Baking is an energy intensive food process causing complex physical, chemical and biochemical changes in the product as processes of heat and mass transfer take place simultaneously. Several problems are associated with conventional methods of baking to process the food, for example: a) A large quantity of heat energy is consumed for the preparation and heating of food. b) Pakistan Bakery Industry has grown with an average rate of 6.5%-7.5% during 2005-2014. So energy demand for baking is increasing. c) The use of firewood and fossil fuel for the generation of heat is not only the cause of deforestation but also responsible for environmental pollution. d) Under these conditions, the baking and cooking employing conventional energy sources is not cost competitive. The use of solar bakery can reduce the depletion rate of firewood and fossil fuels, evading harmful carbon emissions that trigger global warming. Keeping in view the above facts, a Solar Assisted Bakery unit has been developed which was compatible with 10 m Scheffler rector to provide off-site baking facility. The performance evaluation of this unit has been carried out in terms of its efficiency and energy production under local climatic conditions of Pakistan. Application:Applications of renewable energy from thermal sources
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Energy Systems Engineering, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(56).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and TechnologyAnjum Munir , Hasnain Yousuf and SaqlainYousuf Photovoltaic Workbench for Real-Time Systems Evaluation Electricity is a rudimentary need to perform our industrial, commercial, household and agricultural activities. In the rapidly growing economies, like Pakistan, the demand for electricity is constantly increasing. Increasing energy demand puts incredible pressure on the countries' energy infrastructure. Producing electricity from fossil fuel has, in recent years, increased its disadvantages due to cost, depletion of its resources and different types of emissions produced by the use of this source. An arousal wave has spread throughout the world to the need for a change of type of electricity production or need for rapid reduction in the use of fossil fuel. Additionally, the threat of global warming and climate change as a result of carbon dioxide emissions has forced scientists and technologists to become interested in the renewable energy. Within the context of renewable energies, photovoltaics (PV) is one of the technologies with the greatest future projection. Its numerous advantages, such as simple installation, high reliability, zero fuel costs, very low maintenance costs, and the lack of noise due to the absence of moving parts, have resulted in a high growth rate. Since 2010, the world has added more solar photovoltaic capacity than in the previous four decades.Application:Photovoltaics (PV) is one of the technologies with the greatest future projection through renewable energies
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Energy Systems Engineering, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(57).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and TechnologyM. Ahsan Latif and M. Jahanzeb M. CheemaUnmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) For Precision AgricultureTo meet the surging needs in the food and most importantly to optimally use the key resources like water, nutrients, etc., in the crop- fields, the Agriculture sector is being transformed into Precision Agriculture. Precision Agriculture (Precision Farming) is a farming management concept based on the observation and the measurements of the respective inter-field / intra-field variations that trigger a timely response to address the problems in the crops. This strategy consequently keeps the things well under control which ultimately leads to deliver a rich yield. Traditionally, different treatments related to the irrigation, nutrients, pesticides, herbicides, etc., are applied uniformly on the whole crop-field. This practice involves an excessive use of the resources which is certainly not required. The inter-field / intra-field variations are generally projected through the maps developed by processing the digital images captured through satellites or Unmanned Aerial System (UASs). Due to the high spatial and temporal frequency with high quality imagery, the use of (UASs) for site-specic farming is acknowledged globally. Given the growing critical situation of the Agricultural resources, this technology can be effectively used to assist in getting better yield at the cost of minimal resources. Application:Improve Agriculture Productivity through Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS)
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Energy Systems Engineering, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(58).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and TechnologyFurqan Aslam, Allah Bakhsh and Muhammad AshrafDeveloping and Testing Pressurized Water Scrubbing System to Purify BiogasA header unit has been installed at the UAF biogas plant site. The main purpose of header unit is to regulate the raw biogas from biogas plants to water scrubber. It is also used to connect all biogas plants and send their biogas to water scrubbing column for its purication. A gas flow meter has been installed on inlet line of biogas which is in between the header unit and the scrubbing column. Gas flow meter measures the flow rate of raw biogas in normal liter per minute (NLPM). A bypass arrangement has been made by using two control valves. Top section of water scrubbing column consists of top cover, three showers, inlet line of water solution and inlet line of raw biogas. Middle section of water scrubbing column is a water chamber with packing material placed inside it as shown in Figure. Raw biogas is injected through the bottom section in the scrubbing column, a water level indicator has been attached with it to check the water level inside the column. This section is also used as storage of scrubbed water. A water flow meter is mounted on water inlet pipe line and is controlled by a control handle valve. A bypass setting has been made by using two control valves. A mono block centrifugal pump of 2.2 hp at 2800 rpm is used to pump and spray water into the scrubber column. The scrubbed biogas is passed through the H S and moisture removal cylinder. This cylinder is divided into three blocks. Iron wool is placed at lower two blocks and silica gel is placed at top block in the cylinder. Silica gel absorbs the moisture from the scrubbed biogas and iron wool reacts with the hydrogen sulphide and changes it to ferrous sulphide. Then, biogas is passed through the filter unit, which is used to remove the small particles from enriched methane biogas. A gas compressor is used to compress the biogas into the gas storage cylinder to store the puried biogas under pressure for its supply to run the engine for power generation to electrify the farm and run tubewell. Application:Purification of Biogas through Water Scrubbing System
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Energy Systems Engineering, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(59).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and TechnologyAbdul Ghafoor and Azlan ZahidSolar Desalination of Water Using Evaporation Condensation and Heat Recovery MethodAbout 1.1-1.5 billion people in the world lack access to good quality drinking water. A serious situation prevails in Africa and Asia, where about 50% of the population do not have access to potable water. According to WHO, the harmful diseases produced from unsafe water supply, poor sanitation and hygiene causes about 1.8 million deaths annually in the world in order to produce 1000 m desalinated fresh water on daily basis involves 10,000 tons of oil per year. more than 14,000 desalination plants are in operation worldwide with gross capacity of billion liters of water per day.These desalination plants running with fossil fuels are becoming expensive and are also harmful to the environment due to harmful emissions. The fresh water demand can be fulfilled if abundantly available saline sea water is converted to potable water using solar thermal energy for desalination process. A simple, low cost and easy to operate novel single stage integrated solar desalination system has been developed based on evaporation condensation and heat recovery method for domestic purpose in remote areas of the country where fresh water is not available or very costly.Application:Water Purification through saline sea water is converted to potable water using solar thermal energy for desalination process
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Energy Systems Engineering, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(60).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and TechnologyAllah Bakhsh , H.U. Farid and Muhammad RizwanAquifer Storage and Recovery (ASR) Technology for Recharging GroundwaterThe technique of storing surplus good quality water into the aquifer and pumping it during periods of high crop water requirements is called Aquifer Storage and Recovery (ASR). The same well bore is used to store water in the aquifer, which is being used for pumping groundwater.ASR techniques are cost effective alternatives aimed at storing surplus water during flood periods and recovering it during times of water shortages. These techniques provide an option to the farmer like water bank deposit especially where groundwater is brackish. ASR recovery efficiency was found to be 80% for injected volume of 51 m ; 91% for injected volume of 71 m and 98% for injected volume of 99 m , up to 3 dS/m. The recovered time was found to be 70% of injected time for injected volumes of 51, 71 and 99 m, respectively. Aquifer Storage and Recovery (ASR) technology has the potential to store water during period of surplus water and use it during peak hour demand while using the same bore hole.Application:Storing of surplus good quality water through Aquifer Storage and Recovery (ASR) Technology
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Energy Systems Engineering, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(61).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and TechnologyAllah Bakhsh, Mohammad Irfan Asim and Muhammad ArshadRain Water Harvesting for Groundwater RechargeGroundwater is contributing to meet more than 50% of crop water requirements in Pakistan, however, depending on climatic conditions and river supplies. On an average, groundwater is being pumped at the rate of 40 to 50 MAF annually, which has resulted in falling of water table at the rate of 1 to 2 m annually; deteriorating its quality, causing secondary salinization, and becoming inaccessible due to increasing cost of pumping. Therefore, there is a dire need to sustain the falling groundwater levels through the artificially recharging aquifer. Groundwater can be recharged in the urban as well as in the rural areas using rainwater. Average annual rainfall is 380 mm in Faisalabad. Currently rain water becomes part of the sewage water and is conveyed to the drainage system. The pressure on the sewerage system can be reduced by recharging ground water in urban areas as our sewerage system does not keep the capability to handle the both rain water and sewerage water. The quality of rain water is mostly acceptable and can be used directly to recharge the groundwater. Recharge, however, depends on many factors such as quality of injected water, its availability and subsurface lithology. Keeping in view the above looming scenario of managing rain water as well as recharging groundwater, a rainwater harvesting system has been designed and installed at main campus, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad. The aim is to collect rainwater from the roofs to recharge the groundwater.Application:Rain Water Harvesting techniquefor Groundwater Recharge
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Irrigation and Drainage, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(62).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and TechnologyAllah Bakhsh and Muhammad RizwanPerforated Pipe Irrigation SystemTraditional way of conveying irrigation water supplies through on-farm watercourses causes heavy seepage losses in the range of 20 to 40%, decreasing irrigation efficiency to 40%. In this context, there is a need to minimize conveyance losses to improve water productivity and irrigation efficiency. Perforated pipe irrigation system conveys water directly from source i.e. tubewell to the fields improving conveyance efficiency to 100% and application efficiency to 72% (Figure 1). A more efficient diversion of water is made through corrugated pipe from source to ground surface and then applied through perforated pipe. The perforated pipe irrigation system has appropriate openings size of 1 inch in the pipe at about 2 ft spacing. To check the effectiveness of perforated efficient irrigation system, an experiment was conducted at PARS, UAF. Comparison of irrigation and conveyance time of perforated and conventional irrigation method is given in table 1. Perforated system has 72% application efficiency. This system has water saving potential and economic benet of about 40%.Application:To minimize conveyance losses to improve water productivity and irrigation efficiency through Perforated Pipe Irrigation System
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Faculty of Agri. Engineering and Technology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(63).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and TechnologyMuhammad IqbalA Zone Disk Tiller Drill SystemHarvesting period of paddy and sowing period of wheat crops overlap. This delay in wheat sowing substantially reduces crop yield i.e. each day of delay in wheat sowing after third week of November, produces less wheat yield of 35-40 kg per hectare. In Pakistan, a major proportion of wheat is sown late. Wheat sowing continues till early January. For successful adoption of till plant technology in rice-wheat rotation system and to avoid the delay in wheat sowing,a technically and economically acceptable tractor drawn Power Take Off (PTO) driven “Zone Disk Tiller Drill”(ZDTD) has been designed, developed, fabricated, and tested for sowing wheat in standing paddy crop residue fields directly after harvesting paddy crop. The extensive experiments were conducted in the untilled paddy fields of Sheikhupura (Mananwala) and Faisalabad (Jaranwala, University of Agri. FSD.) during the wheat growing seasons of 1998 to 2012. The crop was planted successfully in 9”rows by seven wavy coulters revolving at 172 RPM mounted on a common shaft ahead of the furrow openers. The machine is one of its own kinds in the world. The savings in diesel energy, labor, and irrigation water were found 75%, 50% & 30%, respectively, as compared with conventional method of wheat planting in Pakistan. Moreover, 14-15% yield was increased in this new system of crop planting. This machine can be used for planting maize, barley, and grams. Moreover, an extra shaft can be developed to use this machine as a rotavator if needed.Application:A Zone Disk Tiller Drill System
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Farm Machinery and Power, University Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(64).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and TechnologyMuhammad IqbalAn Improved Boom Sprayer for CropsIt has been observed that about 50 percent of insecticides/pesticides are wasted which not only add to the cost of production but also cause environmental pollution hazards and imbalance in the natural ecosystem. In Pakistan, different types of sprayers are being used. Presently available tractor mounted boom sprayers spray from the top of the plants on the upper side of leaves but most of the insects resting on the lower side of the leaves have been reported. Mostly the chemicals do not hit the actual target and cause wastage of the spray material to the environment. To solve the big problems of crop spraying, a drop-pipe tractor mounted University Boom Sprayer has been designed, developed, and tested for mortality rate of attacking insects which cause severe damage to cotton crop and reduce the yield greatly. The newly designed boom sprayer is 11.43 m long, 0.73 wide, and 2.44 m high. It is operated with a tractor of 50-hp or above. This sprayer has upper and lower two booms to spray the cotton crop both from above and below the leaves. The lower boom has drop-pipes on the lower end of each two nozzles are mounted. Each nozzle can be rotated and adjusted in 360 degree both in horizontal and vertical planes to directly hit the insects. Drop-pipes have also the facility to be adjusted backward at any angle from 0 -90 degree with respect to vertical position to avoid crop damage during more vegetative growth. The upper auxiliary boom has been designed to spray from top to bottom at later stages of crop as in the conventional boom sprayer. The performance of improved boom sprayer was found best at 4- km/h-field speed and 400- kPa fluid pressure. Insect mortality has been found 100% at 60% leaf surface coverage with spray both on upper and lower leaf surfaces. This newly designed sprayer saved insecticides amounting about $30/ha, increased 10% cotton yield per hectare. Since mostly crop was sprayed by nozzles mounted on the lower ends of drop pipes moving within the crop canopy, therefore, negligible environmental pollution and spray drift were observed. This machine is really a great invention of national importance. About 1000 acres has been successfully sprayed in Multan area during 2004. Application:Enhance effectiveness of Boom Sprayer for Crops
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Farm Machinery and Power, University Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(65).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and TechnologyMuhammad IqbalA Boom Sprayer Test BenchPesticides have been used for successful and effective plant protection and yield increase in different parts of the world since 1867. It has now become essential to spray the growing crops economically and profitably. Recent advances in plant breeding and genetic engineering for improving resistance of crop plants to insect pests and disease will undoubtedly reduce the need to rely on conventional pesticides. Nevertheless, there will still be the need of applying pesticides as a relatively easy and quick method of regulation and checking the pest population. The performance of locally produced tractor mounted boom sprayers is very poor, as these cannot ensure uniform pesticide application both over and under the crop leaves, in the absence of essentially required components and features A Boom Sprayer Test Bench has been designed, developed, and fabricated for evaluating the performance of different types of sprayer nozzles used for insect/pest control on crops. The test bench has been developed in the Department of Farm Machinery & Power, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad. Boom sprayer test bench consists of two main parts viz; conventional and vertically moving platform. Conventional part is used to analyze nozzle discharge, cone angle, swath width, spray pattern and spray overlap. Whereas, moving platform is used to evaluate the uniformity of coverage of spray on the lower sides of the water sensitive papers installed at different heights of moving platform at different moving platform linear velocities, spraying pressures, and nozzle angles. Spray images developed on the lower surface of Water Sensitive Papers are scanned on a scanner attached with computer and analyzed by software developed in Java language for the determination of mean spray droplet size and number of droplets per square cm area. Moreover, horizontal adjustments are also provided to increase or decrease the horizontal distance from the moving vertical platform frame. The spray nozzles are mounted on an adjustable height horizontal frame above the corrugated sheet. The reaching uid to the channels of the corrugated sheet flows down the slope to graduated cylinders for spray pattern measurement. This spray test bench has been successfully used for standardizing the crop and machine spray parameters. This test bench is very important for university students/sprayer manufacturers/insecticide dealers. Moreover, this machine is really a great invention of national importance. Five nozzles can be tested in one hour. Application:Importance of Boom Spray for the crops
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Farm Machinery and Power, University Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(66).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and TechnologyMuhammad IqbalBeater Wheat ThresherIn Pakistan, there are about 500 large companies manufacturing agricultural machinery and implements, with a capacity of 1.38 million per annum such as wheat threshers, sugar cane crushers, chaff cutters, sprayers, rice hullers, rice husking machines, rice polishing machines, ploughs, drills, cultivators, plant protection equipment. The development of mechanical threshers for the purpose has clearly an edge over conventional methods and has reduced the drudgery of work to a great extent. It has been documented that the total loss of wheat from bullock threshing, semi-mechanical threshing; threshing with thresher and combine harvester amounted to 3.11, 2.68, 2.01, and 1.2%, respectively. The combine harvester had the minimum and the thresher had the second last minimum grain losses indicating the importance of thresher use as compared with the bullock threshing. At present, about 139777 wheat threshers are being used in Punjab alone. Considering an average use of nearly 150 hours per year with consumption of diesel oil as 7.50 L/h/tractor @ Rs.87/L, the total cost of fuel consumed annually on wheat threshing in the Punjab is estimated at 13.7 billion (PAK) rupees. This is a substantial amount of money for an oil importing country like Pakistan. Mechanical wheat threshing has gained a spectacular popularity in Pakistan over a short span of time and so is the population of beaterwheat threshers that are being manufactured and marketed by the roadside vendors with little scientific and engineering experience. They are just copying the threshers of others without having the knowledge of standard and quality and thus produce machines of different specifications and of different weights which need more power to operate than is actually required. Moreover, the safety criterion for the operators had completely been ignored. It has been reported that 16% of human injuries have been associated with unsafe operation of threshers. The major problems on conventional threshers are bulky weight, poor machine performance, 16% of human injuries and a high fuel consumption rate. A review of the conventional thresher suggests presence of three heavy ywheels with little scientific argument and similarly poorly designed threshing beaters and ve MS rings on the beater-drum appear injudicious and unscientific. A horizontal throw of straw from the exhaust-blower takes away a noticeable amount of grains with it. Conventional threshers have witnessed terrifying accidents for the persons feeding the material without any safe crop feeding system. The local manufacturers least care about the fabrication drawings of the conventional machines and therefore their knowledge of manufacturing is restricted to the whims and wishes of “ustad-shagird”(seniors juniors). Application:Wheat Industry
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Farm Machinery and Power, University Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(67).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and TechnologyMuhammad IqbalSelf Propelled Multicrop ReaperWith the introduction of modern techniques in farming, per unit areas increase in yield also demands a quick and efficient method of harvesting. The harvesting of crop at right time of maturity results in maximum production with the minimum field losses. Due to the shortage of labor, large quantity of grains is lost in the field because of delayed harvesting, therefore, different harvesting methods like combine harvester, tractor mounted reaper and self-propelled reaper are replacing the conventional methods. Since 70% land holdings are small and farmers cannot afford high price machinery, therefore, small size low cost multi-crop reaper seems to be the solution of problem. A self-propelled multi crop reaper might be more feasible than manual harvesting for small land holders. A locally available self-propelled rice crop reaper with 152.4 cm cutter bar swath width was procured and field tested. The reaper was dismantled. Reverse engineering approach was employed to modify designs and developing drawings of various components viz: star wheel, crop divider, row divider, cutter bar, conveyor chains and belt conveyors. All the fabrication work was completed in the workshop of the Department of Farm Machinery & Power, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad. The reaper was tested for harvesting multi crops like wheat, rice and brassica to meet the harvesting requirements of crops for the two successive years. The overall performance of self-propelled reaper was quite satisfactory. The average shatter losses for rice, wheat and brassica were 0.47%, 0.26% and 0.47% respectively with an average field efficiency of 69.21%. The cost of harvesting by the modified self-propelled reaper was 3, 2.8, & 2.6 times less than manual harvesting of rice, wheat, and brassica crops, respectively. The good field operation performance of this small multi-crop self-propelled reaper is the sign of easy adoption of this technology by small and medium farmers. The field capacity of this machine is 1-ac/hr with a diesel consumption of 1-L/hr. This machine costs Rs. 15000/-Application:Modern Techniques for the harvesting of crop
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Farm Machinery and Power, University Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(68).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and TechnologyManzoor AhmadMini Self-propelled Rotary TillerA rotary tiller is a type of cultivating equipment that breaks or works the soil with the aid of rotating blades. It is also used for weed eradication and mixing with soil. Rotary tillers are available with advanced technologies and innovative designs which provide great performance but at the same time having higher initial investment which is not affordable for small farmers. The rotary tiller can be selfpropelled and driven forward on wheels. The gearbox of the rotary tiller enables to increase the rotational speed of the cutter blades higher than the forward speed of the machine. Because rotary tillers power is directly transmitted to the tillage blades, the power transmission efficiency is also higher in rotary tillers. A mini self-propelled rotary tiller has been designed and developed in the Department of Farm Machinery and Power, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad keeping in view the need of small scale farming community. It is used for hoeing of furrows, tilling of beds as well as eradication and mixing of weeds in the soil. It has a working depth and width of 5 and 60 cm, respectively. A small size 5.5 hp engine is mounted on the rotary tiller and rotational speed of the tines is 540 rpm. The performance evaluation of this machine has been carried out under actual field conditions. The results showed that the average fuel consumption of machine was found to be 1.5, 1.85 and 2.69 l/ha for machine forward speeds of S1(3 km/hr), S2(4.5 km/hr), and S3 (6 km/hr).Application:Advancement in Rotary tillers for the Crops
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Farm Machinery and Power, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(69).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and TechnologyManzoor AhmadSmall Scale Walk-Behind Type Sugarcane CutterSugarcane is an important industrial and cash crop of Pakistan. The average yield of sugarcane is 55.39 tons/ha in Pakistan which is less than the World's average yield of 60-70 tons/ha. The main reason of this low yield is delay in harvesting. Because of delay in harvesting sugarcane, there is a severe demand to reduce time of harvesting. It makes necessary that harvesting operation should be mechanized. In this context, many types of mechanical harvesting methods were introduced, but adoption of these methods in developing countries like Pakistan is nearly zero due to its non-affordability by small land holding farmers as prices of modern harvesting machinery are very high. On the other hand, labor scarcity during harvesting seasons is another problem. Keeping in view the importance of sugarcane crop, harvesting operation, cost of harvest, delay in harvest, time for harvest and their effects on sugar recovery rate and quality of sugar, a low cost small scale walk-behind type sugarcane cutter was designed and developed in the Department of Farm Machinery and Power, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad. The main objective of design modification of the small scale walk-behind type sugarcane cutter is to mechanize small farms and enhance the sugarcane recovery and earnings of small land holding farmers. With windrower mechanism, the sugarcane collection is easier and low cost time saving. Only one skilled person can easily handle the small scale walk-behind type sugarcane cutter thus the problem of labor shortage in harvesting season can be solved. A small size 8.5 hp engine is mounted on the sugarcane cutter. The performance evaluation of sugarcane cutter shows that the average fuel consumption of this machine was found to be 15 liters per acre. The cost analysis revealed that about Rs. 1500-2000 per acre can be saved using this machine in comparison to manual harvesting of sugarcane crop. The total initial cost of the machine is about Rs. 50000 which can easily be afforded by small farmers. Application:Sugarcane cutter was designed for the harvesting of crop
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Farm Machinery and Power, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(70).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and TechnologyManzoor AhmadAn Updraft GasifierIn many parts of the world biomass is utilized/used as energy source especially for remote areas where supply of high quality fossil fuels of electricity is not possible or costly. Biomass is a central substitute on energy basis. Energy generated from biomass acts as main alternative energy source to luxurious energy assets. By use of burning and cleaning techniques it can be converted into an economical fuel. Gasification is a process of conversion of solid carbonaceous fuel into combustible gas by partial combustion. The resulting gas, known as producer gas, is more versatile in its use than the original solid biomass. The gas produced by gasifier is good source of heat burning, and by cleaning and cooling can be used in internal combustion engines. An updraft gasifier was designed and fabricated to run 15 to 18.6 kW (20-25 hp) four stroke diesel engines for tube well operation in the Department of Farm Machinery and Power, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. The gasifier was tested with different biomass (corn cobs, rice husk, saw dust) for three years and the performance was found good, regarding the gas production, quality of gas to be used in engine, easy maintenance and operation. The breakeven point is achieved only in 500 hours of use, means only in one season of Rabi or Kharif, if rental services are provided to other farmers. The operational cost of tubewell with 15 kW engine is nearly half the cost if operated with gasifier using 15 kg corn cobs + 0.5 L diesel (Rs. 75+45=120) as compared with 2.5 L diesel consumption resulting a cost of Rs.225 per hour. The gasifier was tested for three years and good results were found for tube well operation thus replacing electricity and minimizing the use of diesel (15-20%) making operational cost only 50% of the diesel cost for existing system. Application:Production of gas by gasifier is good source of heat burning
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Farm Machinery and Power, University of Agriculture Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(71).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and TechnologyAssad FarooqDevelopment of Sisal DecorticatorThere are lots of commonly used natural fibers in making textile products such as cotton, jute, hemp etc. There are other natural fibers that need utmost attention of researchers for having great potential of fulfilling needs of modern world both in terms of availability and versatility; thanks to their eco-friendly, non-toxic and user-friendly behavior. Sisal fiber is a big example of such neglected natural fibers and it has great potential of generating revenue for the country as a substitute of jute fiber. Sisal fiber is extracted from the leaves of Agave sisalana that is the Mexican plant and is now mainly cultivated in Tanzania, Brazil, Indonesia and India. Sisal plant is present in Pakistan and can be grown in the country due to its xerophytic nature. Due to its strength and durability, it is placed in the category of “hard fibers”. A good sisal plant produces almost 200 leaves and mass composition of each leaf consists of 4% fiber, 8% other dry matter, 0.75% cuticle, and 87.25% moisture. It means a normal leaf having about 600 g weight can produce about 3% by weight of fiber. Well, a big constraint in getting benefit from properties of sisal fiber is extracting it from the leaves safely. Sisal fibers have the ability to be utilized into simpler end uses like twines, ropes and other packing materials, sisal fabrics, buffs, mats, carpets, filters and handicrafts. Moreover, specialized high value end uses include geo-textiles and fiber reinforced composites. However, in the presence of the sisal fibers in the country and also having the potential of being grown at vast areas, the country is lacking in the sisal processing machinery. Application:Sisal fiber Industry
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Energy Systems Engineering, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(72).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF),Faculty of Animal HusbandryMuhammad Sajjad KhanUniGold-A New Egg Laying Backyard Poultry BreedPoultry industry is the second largest industry of Pakistan after textile sector. Itis providing a good and cheap source of high quality protein along with a source of employment and income for 1.5 million people in Pakistan. Poultry industry totally depends on import of parent stocks for both commercial layers and broilers. Total population of commercial layers in Pakistan is 42.6 million which are producing 11.3 billion eggs. The domestic or rural poultry consist of 40.18 million hens which are contributing 4.01 billion eggs annually. This shows that still rural poultry is contributing 36% of total eggs produced in the country in one year that indicates importance and preference of peoples for rural poultry and eggs. Rural women in developing countries are involved (and skilled) in poultry keeping. The link between poultry interventions and improvement of women's status along with the associated improvements in terms of nutrition and other benefits for the entire family seems to be direct. The scavenging poultry production system is a blessing for the poor households in rural areas. It provides food security, protein nutrition and women empowerment to the rural families and needs to be strengthened for livelihood improvement and poverty alleviation. Success stories regarding use of poultry production as poverty alleviation tools are common globally especially in Africa and India. More than sixteen breeds have been developed by India using local and exotic chicken genetic resources which are performing well under backyard rural production set up.Application:Poultry Breed Industry
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Institute of Animal Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(73).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF),Faculty of Animal HusbandryMuhammad Sajjad KhanUniGold-A New Egg Laying Backyard Poultry BreedPoultry industry is the second largest industry of Pakistan after textile sector. Itis providing a good and cheap source of high quality protein along with a source of employment and income for 1.5 million people in Pakistan. Poultry industry totally depends on import of parent stocks for both commercial layers and broilers. Total population of commercial layers in Pakistan is 42.6 million which are producing 11.3 billion eggs. The domestic or rural poultry consist of 40.18 million hens which are contributing 4.01 billion eggs annually. This shows that still rural poultry is contributing 36% of total eggs produced in the country in one year that indicates importance and preference of peoples for rural poultry and eggs. Rural women in developing countries are involved (and skilled) in poultry keeping. The link between poultry interventions and improvement of women's status along with the associated improvements in terms of nutrition and other benefits for the entire family seems to be direct. The scavenging poultry production system is a blessing for the poor households in rural areas. It provides food security, protein nutrition and women empowerment to the rural families and needs to be strengthened for livelihood improvement and poverty alleviation. Success stories regarding use of poultry production as poverty alleviation tools are common globally especially in Africa and India. More than sixteen breeds have been developed by India using local and exotic chicken genetic resources which are performing well under backyard rural production set up.Application:Poultry Breed Industry
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Institute of Animal Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(73).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF),Faculty of Animal HusbandryMuhammad Sajjad KhanArtificial Insemination Technology for Sheep and GoatsCryopreservation of spermatozoa and depositing them articially into reproductive tract of females is a routine procedures being used in all farm livestock species. This not only helps disseminate good genetics at a mass scale, farmer's problem of access to quality sires is resolved and genetic improvement can be enhanced to achieve desired breeding goals. More number of off-springs per male as compared to natural mating helps in exploitation of genetic material and evaluation of genetic potential of male. Articial Insemination (AI) using frozen semen is therefore being used for breeding cattle and buffaloes in Pakistan since 1970s. In sheep and goats however, it is not a norm. Best males are sacrificed every year. Synchronization of breeding cycle can allow kidding and lambing in a particular time eroding valuable gene pool and improve efficient use of genetic resources. Insemination protocols for sheep and goats have improved the recent past as Intra and Trans-cervical insemination is now a routine method, depositing the semen in the cervix or even in the uterus using AI gun. The selection of adequate technique for breeding sheep and goats and the early diagnosis of pregnancy can lead to efficient reproductive management. Early pregnancy diagnosis by non-return rate after AI to estrus and measuring the serum progesterone level of animal using enzyme immune essay has been advocated. Abdominal palpation by experienced hands can be equally valid. In Pakistan AI in sheep using liquid semen has been reported at an experiment station. In goats however, it has never been attempted at Government level. In the recent past some experimental work was done on fresh goat semen and on comparison of goat semen extenders. Therefore, it was envisioned to introduce and optimize AI technology using frozen semen in goat and sheep. Application:Articial insemination of goat and sheep using frozen semen technology
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Institute of Animal Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(74).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF),Faculty of Animal HusbandryMuhammad Sajjad KhanDocumenting Indigenous Genetic Resources – The Beetal GoatsDocumenting of animal genetic resources is very important for promoting genetic diversity for enabling their sustainable use and conserving indigenous breeds. Pakistan is blessed with more than 100 breeds of indigenous livestock with rich genetic diversity. There are 36 breeds of goat with a population of 70 million distributed across all four provinces and other territories under Pakistan. Preference of goat as a sacrificial animal and likeness for its meat has made goat as the fastest growing species in the country. From climate change scenario, goats are very important indigenous livestock as they can thrive under scavenging conditions and also be raised under high input system. Bucks raised for Eid-ul-Adha can weigh as high as 200 kg. Highest milk yield in Beetal has been reported 10litres (in 36 hrs). Survival in mountainous terrain and desert conditions makes goats important for in globally warming environment. Although a majority of goat population can still be called “nondescript”, these populations are known to be multiple crosses of existing breeds. Some animals may belong to (relatively) homogenous groups distinguishable from neighboring populations. Unless documented nondescript population are prone to crossbreeding and ultimately their deterioration. Keeping in view the importance of goats it is imperative to document available goat breeds in the country with their attributes (phenotypic characterization). This can help improve ownership of breeders as most of the advanced international breeds have been developed through breeders associations and societies. The information on indigenous goat breeds in Pakistan is very scanty. Many of the breeds and strains are undocumented. An attempt was therefore made to document Beetal goat breed in the country. The major source of information was goat shows conducted at University of Agriculture Faisalabad and throughout Punjab. Intense debates were held with the breeders to develop consensus on the score card for Beetals. A formal study on breeding objective for Beetal goats was also completed and a booklet has also been published. Six strains of Beetal breed have been documented. All the strains have pendulous ears. Body colors are different with different preferences of breeders for different body attributes. Breed is characterized as meat and milk breed (primary and secondary breeding objectives). This is different from that traditional description of goats where it was black and white with large pendulous ears (now described as Faisalabadi Beetal or Desi goat). The Nagri color (brown replacing black) is very common in Pakpattan district and home-tract extends to Faisalabad. The Makhi Cheeni stain is more common in Bahawalpur and Bahawalnagar districts. Splashing of brown (dark to very light) and black is characteristics feature of the breed. Variation in shades of brown has also been documented. The Gujrati strain has brown background color with light brown spotting. Solid color (light to dark brown) has also been included in the list of acceptable colors. Nuqri is found in Rajanpur and DG Khan districts and has white color only. The sixth strain in black colored RY Khan is found in Rahim Yar Khan district. Besides color differences among various strains, preferences of breeders have also been documented. Body length and height was most preferred size traits. Roman nose are less important in Faisalabadi, Nagri and Gujrati breeders but important for RY Khan and Nuqri breeders. SApplication:Genectic Engineering in The Beetal Goats
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Institute of Animal Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(75).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and TechnologyShaukat Ali BhattiVeal Production from Surplus Calves of Cows and BuffaloesThere are about 6 million surplus calves in the country. Most of the male calves are either sold after few weeks after their birth or die due to malnutrition. If these surplus calves are raised as veal calves and their rearing cost can be lowered than their international market value when sold as veal meat, they can be a source of foreign exchange for the country. The project was aimed at determining the potential of calves of Sahiwal cow, X-bred or pure Friesian cows and Nili-Ravi buffaloes for veal production. In the first year of the project, Friesian male calves were reared from birth to 25 weeks of age to explore their potential as veal calves and to compare the effects of milk and milk replacer given at two levels of intake. Second objective was to generate information on the production cost of veal from these calves. Basic information on the input cost and output have been generated on veal production from the pure bred Friesian calves. Feeding cost per kg live weight gain during pre-weaning and post-weaning ranged from Rs. 419-584 and 163-179, respectively. Milk fed calves attained body weight of 120 kg at an earlier age than milk-replacer-fed calves (21 vs 25-26 weeks; Figure 1). Production cost of dressed meat from veal calves having a live weight of 120 kg is ~Rs. 750. This gure may vary depending upon the input costs,season of rearing, and decision to include or exclude capital and managerial costs. The disease incidence in exotic cow calves was higher than our indigenous breeds of cow and or buffalo. After research trials on local cow and buffalo calves, more information will be available on their production potential and feeding cost for veal production. With the construction of CPEC, we will have more opportunities to sell this veal to neighboring countries, leading to improved socio-economic status of Pakistani livestock farmersApplication:Advance Techniques in Veal Production from Surplus Calves of Cows and Buffaloes
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Institute of Animal Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(76).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF),Faculty of Animal HusbandryMuhammad Qamar Bilal, Muhammad Iqbal Mustafa and Muhammad LateefUse of Additives for Improving the Quality of Mott Grass SilageMott grass is one of the high yielding fodder varieties available in Pakistan. It is high quality forage that maintains its quality over long re-growth intervals. This fodder has the potential to provide fodder in the first slump period (May-July) when other traditional fodders are inadequate. If mott grass is preserved as silage during this period and fed during second slump period (November-January), quality fodder supply can be ensured. Silage is a method of forage preservation through stabilizing fermentation process by decreasing the pH within minimum fermentation period. In silage, lack of oxygen and the accumulation of lactic acid inhibit its microbial metabolism and preserves nutrients. Successful silage fermentation depends on achieving both anaerobic conditions and a low pH. The low pH is usually accomplished through the fermentation of sugars in the crop to lactic acid by lactic acid bacteria, which decreases plant enzyme activity and prevents the proliferation of detrimental anaerobic microorganisms. It is the view point of some people that mott grass is difficult to cut, having low feeding value and is only filler. Its feeding value can be enhanced if cut at recommended stage and preserved as silage. The mott grass has low concentrations of fermentable carbohydrates and the addition of additives can improve the quality of its silage. Molasses enrich the fresh material with carbohydrates and lls the gaseous pores, thereby reducing the influx of oxygen in the silage. The present study was conducted with an aim to finalize the proper stage of cut for feeding and to establish the best additive, level of additive and fermentation period for mott grass silage making. Application: Improvement in the Quality of Mott Grass Silage
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Institute of Animal Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(77).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF),Faculty of Animal HusbandryMuhammad SharifUse of Citrus Pulp in Animal FeedIncreasing population of Pakistan has elevated the demand of grains, consequently increasing the competition between humans and animals for grains, which has resulted in higher prices of concentrate. Most of the livestock farmers are unable to feed concentrate to their animals to fulfill their requirement which is adversely affecting the performance of their animals. In this situation, there is demand for exploring cheaper non-conventional feed resources that can replace concentrate sources, especially grains. Different agro-industrial by-products especially fruit wastes can be used as an energy source for feeding livestock. Citrus pulp is an important by-product obtained after extraction of juice from the citrus fruit. A large quantity of pulp is being produced in Pakistan which is not commonly fed to animals. It causes disposal problems as well as environmental pollution. Citrus pulp was collected from a juice extraction company and was spread on polythene sheets for sun drying. Chemical composition of dried citrus pulp indicates that it is an excellent source of nutrients that can be fed to animals especially to ruminants. Various trials were conducted using buffalo bulls, buffalo calves, lambs and early lactating buffaloes. Animals were fed forages and concentrate. The concentrate contained 10, 20, 30 and 40% dried citrus pulp. These studies showed that dried citrus pulp could be used successfully up to 40% in the diet of lambs and calves without any ill effect on feed intake, digestibility and growth performance.It can be used to substitute costly energy sources in the diet of ruminants, resulting in cost effective ration formulation.Application:Cheaper non-conventional feed resources that can replace concentrate sources, especially grains for animal feeding
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Institute of Animal Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(79).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF),Faculty of Animal HusbandryMuhammad YousafInduced Molting of Poultry Birds - An Innovative Technology for Poultry IndustryPoultry industry is one of the most dynamic and vibrant sector. Poultry industry fulfills protein needs of people in form of eggs and meat. Hens which lay eggs are kept for one year duration and then sold in Pakistan. Useful life of a hencan be extended from one year to two or even three years by induced molting technique. Moulting is a natural phenomenon during which poultry birds replace old feathers with new ones, reduce feed intake, loose body weight and go out of production and reproduction. Induced molting results in more number of eggs, bigger egg size, improved eggshell quality and less mortality. More than 75% hens are molted in USA. Molting improves egg production, egg quality, reduces costs and industry investments.Molting methods are of three basic types: 1) Feed withdrawal 2) Feed restriction 3) Minerals/hormones supplementation. Feed withdrawal method is most widely used in poultry industry throughout the world during which hens are not given feed from 7 to 14 days, broiler breeders (parents of broilers) for three or even four weeks during the induced molting process. For better egg production in second year, weight loss of 25-35 % or even more is considered a pre requisite during induced molting period. Most widely used feed withdrawal method nowadays is critically criticized by animal welfare concerns at international level and being declared as unacceptable for molting hens in future. Due to its severity, high mortality rates, low immunity, criticism by animal welfare societies, public concern due to high risk of Salmonella, feed withdrawal method seems to be banned in near future.No doubt, poultry farmers will need to moult their flocks and for this reason they would welcome a more desirable method of moulting to maintain a well managed, cost-effective and sustainable egg production system.An alternate molting policy is the need of time to molt poultry birds in future. Application:Induced Molting of Poultry Birds
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Institute of Animal Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(79).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF),Faculty of Veterinary ScienceGhulam Muhammad Montanide® Adjuvanted Combined Hemorrhagic Septicemia-Mastitis VaccineField surveys of major dairy animal diseases in Pakistan have indicated that hemorrhagic septicemia (HS; colloquially known as "gulghotoo"; plate 1) and mastitis (colloquially known as "Sauroo"; plate 2 are economically the most important diseases of buffalo and cattle. 50% reduction in HS incidence would be sufficient to bridge the gap between growing milk demand and supply. Vaccination using different types of vaccines (e.g. formalin-killed alum precipitated bacteria, oil adjuvanted vaccines) is the single most important control measure against HS in Pakistan and in some other countries. Alum precipitated bacterin is still the most commonly used HS vaccine in Pakistan but it gives immunity for a short duration i.e. 3 months Mastitis (inflammation or swelling of milk producing organ) is another common dairy animal disease which although not fatal, causes colossal economic losses to our resource-poor dairy farmers and milk processing industry Research conducted over the past four decades has shown that at the very least 20% of cows and buffaloes are afflicted with this disease. The huge mastitis affected population of buffaloes and cattle not only sustains nearly 25% reduction in their milk yield but the milk produced is also unwholesome for human consumption as it contains pathogenic bacteria, toxins and other harmful substances some of which are not destroyed by UHT treatment. Whereas vaccination against HS is routinely practiced in Pakistan, control measures against mastitis including vaccination are not routinely adopted at most farms in Pakistan.Application: control of HS and Mastitis
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(80).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF),Faculty of Veterinary ScienceGhulam MuhammadMastitis Diagnostic Kit and Mastitis VaccineAt least 20% cows and buffaloes in Pakistan produce unwholesome milk because of mastitis (inflammation or swelling of udder). Most of the diseased animals are affected by sub-clinical or hidden form of mastitis. Milk of mastitis affected animals contains higher than normal number (200,000/ml) of white blood cells (pus cells). Increased number of white blood cells in milk can be detected by mixing milk with 3% solution of Surf Excel (Muhammad et al., 2010. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 42:457-464) in equal proportions (Surf Field Mastitis Test; SFMT). To control the scourge of mastitis, several candidate mastitis vaccines were investigated at the University Agriculture, Faisalabad. The most promising results in mastitis control were obtained with vaccine incorporating a biofilm producing local isolate of Staphylococcus aureus. Both SFMT kit and mastitis vaccine available as an output of an agreement inked between Business Incubation Center, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad and Um Enterprises, Karachi.Application:Mastitis Diagnostic Kit and Mastitis Vaccine
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(81).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF),Faculty of Veterinary ScienceGhulam MuhammadCamphorated oil- a lifesaving drug for animalsCamphor ('Mushak Kafoor' in Urdu) is a terpenoid derived from the twigs and woods of camphor laurel tree (Cinnamomum camphora) or made synthetically from turpentine oil. Camphorated oil is a circulatory and respiratory stimulant that can be used in the treatment of disease conditions of animals characterized by septicemia, pneumonia, collapse or shock, threatened heart failure, hypothermia due to sudden exposure to cold/rain. In Germany, it was used to revive the circulation in dying human patients in which the automatic centers of the hearts were believed to be failing. Camphor stimulates the centers in the medulla, which may account for its beneficial effect upon the circulatory system; that is, through stimulation of the vagus and vasomotor centers. It is a mild antipyretic by virtue of its property to dilate vessels of the skin and by virtue of its ability to induce sweating. For dog patients, it can be used as a heart stimulant and life saver. It also relieves congestion of internal organs (decongestant) and is thus useful in the treatment of cold, pneumonia, bronchitis and cough. Camphor has a bleeding stopping action Application:lifesaving drug for animals
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(82).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF),Faculty of Veterinary ScienceZia-ud-Din SindhuTargeted selective treatment for control of drug resistant/susceptible Haemonchus contortusSmall ruminant industry is a profitable business for poor Pakistani families because of higher growth rate, low capital investment, high reproductive performance, no special need of cultivation of crops and their ability to maintain themselves on bush lands or pastures for grazing. But profitable sheep and goat farming is affected by many diseases particularly parasitic problem. Among parasitic diseases, Haemonchus (H.) contortus is the most dangerous because of its economic significance worldwide. This parasite sucks 0.03-0.05 ml blood per day that leads to a condition called haemonchosis. Usually the infection with H. contortus causes severe anaemia and hypoproteinemia which ultimately leads to pale mucus membranes, reduced productivity, depression and death in severe cases. For control of H. contortus, traditional practices are adopted to deworm the entire flock. Due to excessive and un-necessary use of commercial anthelmintics, parasite has developed resistance against these drugs. Thus, there was need for new technologies for an economical control of these drug resistant parasites.Application:Treatment for control of drug resistant/susceptible
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Parasitoloy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(83).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF),Faculty of Veterinary ScienceMuhammad Sohail Sajid and Raziya NadeemPhytotherapy: An Easy and Economic way to Cure the Gastro-Intestinal Parasites in SheepSheep production in Pakistan has an economic and social impact on rural farmers. Gastro-intestinal (GI) parasitic infection in young sheep, goat and cattle is a global problem having production losses up to 50%. Due to increase in drug resistance, there is renewed interest in ethno-veterinary medicine and plants with anthelmintic properties in both temporal and tropical countries. Various plant species have the ability to minimize the degree of parasite infection in sheep. The direct or indirect effect of improved mineral, trace elements and/or protein status of the livestock leading to reduced parasite intensity or improved immunity to nematode parasites. Identifying the mineral deficient pasture, feed and soil is important to boost the immunity of animals associated with the minerals. Trace minerals that have been identified as important for normal immune function and disease resistance are Zinc, Manganese, Selenium and Copper in many eld conditions. Nature has blessed the rangelands of our country with a diversified nature of medicinal plants which are enriched with trace elements. It would be important to assess and correlate the current status of different minerals level in our soils, forages/medicinal plants and animals. Application:Minimize the effect of parasite infection in sheep through Various plant species
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Parasitoloy, Department of Chemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(84).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of MicrobiologySajjad ur Rahman and Sultan AliDevelopment and Standardization of Swab Test on Animal Food (STAF) for the Detection of Antibiotics Residues in Meat, Milk and EggsIndiscriminate use of antibiotics as therapeutic in the production of livestock and poultry reflect as residues in the animal food like meat, milk and eggs. Such residues in the animal food chain may pose different threats to the consumers; moreover, the drug residues will also cause rejection or condemnation of the processed meat, milk and egg products thereby causing economic loss. For the detection of antibiotics residues in the animal food, the option of expensive and time-consuming methods like HPLC are in operation. In parallel to the international US and European standards, all the animal foods must be free from antibiotic residues or possibly under permissible concentration as detected through PHAST and STOP test respectively. We have developed and standardized STAF test technology applicable for better care of the quality and health safety concerns. This widely applicable microbiological test, was standardized to screen out animal foods (Eggs, Meat and Milk) containing antibiotics residues. Application:Detection of antibiotic residues in animal foods through Swab Test
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Institute of Microbiology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(85).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of MicrobiologySajjad ur Rahman and Rizwan Aslam Technology for the Control of Mosquito larvae population in water BIOMOSKILL PLUSDuring the first outbreak year (2011) of dengue fever in the country efforts were made to curtail the spread in the community. We took the specific task in the Biological control of mosquito population using Bti. The initial results with the suspension culture of Bacillus thuringiensis alone were encouraging enough to go for its application strategies. This Biomoskill Plus tiles were introduced for the first time and its successful trails were accomplished with the control of Ades, Culex and Anopheles larvae in the water. Only mosquito larvae are killed and the presence of Bti does not harm the other invertebrate larvae, moreover, the water remained fit for animal consumption. The active ingredients of B. thuringiensis and B. sphaericusshowed their equal larvicidal potential against all the major types of mosquito population.The ratio of 1:1 proved optimal for the control of larvae. For the killing of mosquito larvae in the water, a product Biomoskill plus (Plate 1) was successfully developed in the Institute of Microbiology in collaboration with EFS/USDA grant. The earthenware brick is adsorbed with the specic Bacillus thuringiensis and Bacillus sphaericus basic ingredients which provided sustainable release of active compound in the water and specifically targeted the mosquitos larvae. It is recommended for application in the ponds and water reservoirs, lakes, swimming pools, water courses and canal. Water proved perfectly safe as drinking purpose for animals. It will reduce the mosquito population in the surrounding environment thus leads to reciprocal reduction in the Malaria, Chicken Guinea virus, Dengue fever virus and Zika virus incidence in human. Application:Technology for the Control of Mosquito larvae population in water
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Institute of Microbiology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(86).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of MicrobiologyMuhammad Ashraf and Sajjad-ur-RahmanDevelopment of Pro-lac for Better Growth and Health in PoultryIn Pakistan, human population is increasing along with the food demand and there is need to explore new technologies to full the requirement of food. The poultry industry has emerged up as a good substitute of beef and mutton. Various infectious diseases are threat for poultry production. That is why the antibiotics are used in poultry industry, as prophylactics, therapeutics and growth promoters. These antibiotics causing not only serious problems in poultry but also leaving behind harmful residual effects in meat and eggs. The lavish use of antibiotic growth promoters in poultry medicine has caused a large pressure on the microflora and as a result such bacterial strains have developed which are more resistant to antibiotics and cause diseases in humans or animals. This has spurred the use of probiotics in the place of antibiotics. These are cultures of live microorganisms, which may be mono or mixed cultures. When these cultures are given to animal or man in sufficient quantity, they have a health benefit on the host. The proposed mechanism of action is attributed to the lowered pH, production of other primary and secondary antimicrobial metabolites (fatty acids, bacteriocins), competition for nutrients and colonization on the epithelial tissues of the intestine. The application of probiotics in poultry has gained considerable interest for the last few years. Many types of microorganisms have been used as probiotics. Lactic acid bacteria are the part of microbiota of human and animal origin. In recent years, lactic acid bacteria have attained major attention for probiotic activity because they are generally regarded as safe (GRAS). Among Lactic acid bacteria, Lactobacilli are the most important bacteria gaining more consideration in the area of probiotics. The role of Lactobacillus is a multifactor process after entering the intestinal tract, live microorganisms or biologically active substances produced by them may activate specific and non-specific host immune systems for the prevention and control of various infectious diseases. Application:Improvement in the poultry production
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Institute of Microbiology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(87).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Food, Nutrition and Home SciencesMasood Sadiq ButtUtilization of Rice Industrial Wastes for Oil Extraction and Value Added ProductsRice bran holds significant nutritional value containing about 18-20% oil and 14-18% protein. In Pakistan, millions of children, less than five years old, are malnourished and about 38% are underweight. To curtail these challenges there is an urge to explore unconventional nutritional sources like rice bran, bran oil, protein and allied supplemented products. Rice bran oil contains both essential and non-essential fatty acids like oleic acid (38.4%), linoleic acid (34.4%), and linolenic acid (2.2%) unsaturated essential fatty acids while palmitic (21.5%) and stearic (2.9%) acids are non-essential saturated fatty acids. It is extensively used in Japan, Korea, China, Taiwan and Thailand and called as” Premium Edible Oil” whilst in Japan famous as “Heart Friendly Oil”. Now, the trend of utilization of rice bran oil is increasing in Asian countries like India and Sri Lanka. Furthermore, defatted rice bran is also a rich source of protein with tendency to supplement cereal based products like cookies. It can be used to alleviate protein energy malnutrition in the public. Rice bran protein is easily digestible and hypoallergenic food ingredient. For this reason, supplementation of wheat our with defatted rice bran holds potential to uplift the nutritional status of cookies with special reference to lysine and dietary fiber thus used to address protein energy malnutrition. Our core agenda was to utilize food industrial waste effectively and promote value addition to ensure better nutrition of the dietary staples. Accordingly, rice bran was analyzed for various quality parameters. The oil was extracted from the bran that was further employed for the development of baked items with special reference to cakes and cookies. Moreover, the frying performance of the rice bran oil was also ascertained. Finally, the defatted bran was used for the development of ber enriched bread. Application:Exploration of unconventional nutritional sources like rice bran, bran oil, protein and allied supplemented products
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(88).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Food, Nutrition and Home SciencesMasood Sadiq ButtDeveloping and Exploring the Role of Edible Coatings to Improve the Quality and Shelf Life of Whole and Minimally Processed FruitsIt has been estimated that approximately 25 to 40% of fresh horticultural produce is lost because of inappropriate management and storage resulting in irretrievable economic loss. Moreover, only 4- 5% of the horticultural produce is exploited for value addition in the country. Furthermore, increasing consumer demand for fresh fruit with improved shelf life has evoked the processing industry to develop novel methods that maintain nutritional quality and extend shelf life. Hence, there arises a need to promote safe, easily implementable and cost effective techniques to preserve the quality of the fresh fruits. In this context, edible coating has stemmed out as a promising preservation stratagem. These are thin layers of transparent edible material covering the fruit surface thereby acting as a barrier against moisture and gas transfer from or to the commodity. The process involves dipping of fruits in coating solution or spraying it on the surfaces of the commodities. The application of edible coatings has emerged as an innovative preservation technique to improve the quality and extend the shelf life of various fruits. In the present research, Biodegradable edible coatings were optimized to study their effects on the storage quality and shelf life of whole and minimally processed fruits. The outcome of this innovative preservation technology deems to help strengthen our exports and value added products. Purposely, carbohydrate (chitosan, alginate and starch) and protein (soy and whey) based edible coatings were applied at various concentrations on strawberry, mango, melon, apple and apricot fruits followed by the assessment of their quality characteristics during storage. Application:Promotion of safe, easily implementable and cost effective techniques to preserve the quality of the fresh fruits.
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(89).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Food, Nutrition and Home SciencesImran Pasha and Aamir ShehzadFortified Wheat FlourRapid growth of world population makes it difficult to provide safe and ample food to whole population all around the globe. Resultantly, poor nutrition affects the physiological system of body. In developing countries micronutrients malnutrition is more prevailing and children and women of reproductive age are more susceptible of these deficiencies. Insufficient access to food, high level of parasitic infection and diseases are the causes of micronutrient deficiency in majority cases along with dietary and feeding habits of the community. Iron, zinc and folic acid are more common micronutrient deficiencies of developing countries. To tackle these deficiencies different strategies are employed all over the world. Among that fortification is the most commonly used due to its convenience Wheat flour is consumed as a staple food in Pakistan and quality of the flour which is relatively poor, can be enhanced by fortification The smaller manufacturers cannot afford to include the necessary additive to fortify the flour that makes the product into a useful part of the diet. In this respect various stakeholders should join with the government to work on a program that does encourage the fortification of flour Multiple fortificants like iron, zinc and folic acid can be used with special reference to small scale grinders (Chakkis). Acceptability of fortified flour can be analyzed by consumer preference. Also, fortified flour is nutrient rich as compared to normal flour. Application:Wheat Flour Industry
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(90).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Food, Nutrition and Home SciencesImran Pasha and Aamir ShehzadValue Added Bakery ProductsFlour serves as the base ingredient and the starting point in all baked goods. Milled from a variety of different grains, the types of flour used in everyday baking are generally obtained from wheat. Although, whole wheat flour adds more nutrition, not to mention nutty and tasty flavor, to baked goods and other flour-based recipes but also a main source of gluten allergies in number of people all over the world. No single legume or cereal can provide adequate amounts of all nutrients to meet the nutritional requirements. Blending of different cereals is the most suitable way to improve the nutritional quality of food. Millet, an ancient cereal can be used as a wheat substitute for celiac patients. Different types of bakery products i.e. biscuits and bread can be prepared by using millet or sorghum. Value added bakery products are made by using flours of various cereals and legumes in different ratio. These are analyzed for flavor and texture properties to check the acceptability by the consumer. Nutritional profiling of these products is done and enlisted on the label to provide complete information about the nutrient contents. Various products are manufactured for different conditions. High protein bread and buns are made to improve health status and manage glycemic response in diabetes patients. Many value added bakery products are available in market.Application:Everyday baking Products from wheat flour.
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(91).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Food, Nutrition and Home SciencesImran Pasha and Aamir ShehzadMultigrain BreadMultigrain bread is a type of bread prepared with two or more types of grain. Multigrain bread may be prepared using whole, unprocessed grains, although commercial varieties do not necessarily always contain whole grains. Multigrain bread can be an important part of a healthy diet and an excellent way to eat more whole grains. Understanding the name is simple--“multigrain”--indicates the loaf should contain several different types of grains, which distinguishes it from whole-wheat bread. These grains may include oats, cornmeal, barley, wheat, millet, flax or others. Whole grain multigrain breads contain a dietary fibre content of up to four times greater than white breads and may also contain more vitamins and protein compared to white bread. Multigrain breads also provide complex carbohydrates. Additionally, breads with multigrain are healthier options since they add extra essential proteins, fibre, minerals and vitamins. Multigrain breads are prepared from different flour blends. Incorporation of multigrain in bread flour not only enhances the nutritional quality of bread but also help to uplift nutritional status of general population through benefitting from valuable bioactive components present in cereals other than wheat. It will help to improve the digestibility of gluten in celiac patients. Application:Importance of Multigrain Bread in Daily Intake Diet
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(92).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Food, Nutrition and Home SciencesImran Pasha and Aamir ShehzadDevelopment of Flavored Chapattis Supplemented with BarleyMost of the population is consuming diet that is obtained by the intake of cereals. By consuming high fiber containing foods a number of diseases can be prevented such as hypertension, colon cancer and diabetes. Barley is found to be a significant cereal crop in Asian countries. Hull-less barley contains more soluble fibers, lipids and proteins. Barley being the richest dietary protein is mixed with wheat flour to attain high fiber content. Composite our technology has been used for this purpose. It is done to improve protein energy malnutrition. For enhancing the minerals, vitamins and dietary fiber in wheat flour it is enriched with barley. Beside providing health benefits, it also performs certain functional properties in the food products i.e. changing the texture and color, enhancing flavor and odor of food products. It imparts particular flavor that makes it specific identity for its product. It is used to make porridge as well as food stuffs and in poultry feeds. The main objective of the present research was to increase the dietary fiber consumption by supplementing it with barley flour to make chapattis for enhancing the dietary fiber levels. Chapattis prepared with 66% whole wheat flour supplemented with 30% barley flour gave best result in terms of taste, texture and color. Overall acceptability results also supported this blending percentage of wheat and barley flour. Chapatti as a product was selected because in Pakistan, chapatti and its different forms constitute the consumption of 70% of total wheat produced while the remaining 30% of wheat produced is consumed in the form of bakery items like cookies, breads, pastries and cakes. Wheat chapattis supplemented with barley gave particular flavor to product which can be popular in the society as a functional product.Application:Prevention of diseases such as hypertension, colon cancer and diabetes through barley flour
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(93).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Food, Nutrition and Home SciencesImran Pasha Functional Exploration of Millet and SorghumSorghum and millet are vital for the of food security and considered superior than other cereals because of their resistance to predator and diseases; also they have defense against moisture stress and poor soil fertility. Sorghum and millet both are gluten- free and their slow hydrolysis makes them excellent choice to celiacs, diabetics and ethnic groups. Recent studies have revealed that sorghum has anticarcinogenic and cholesterol- lowering properties and it can minimize the risk of heart diseases. Millet has no gluten and it is not an acidic food, so is gentle and easily digestible. Sorghum might be a good alternate to gluten-free breads as well as baked products such as cookies, cakes, snacks, pasta. These crops are easy to cultivate and can be grown in harsh conditions, withstand drought, water shortage, tolerate environmental environmental challenges and give bumper crops due to short growing span. The main objective of the present research was the utilization of sorghum and millet flour for making cookies and cakes. Cookies prepared from 30% addition of Sorghum variety (F-114) and 20% addition of Millet variety (MB- 87) had maximum overall acceptability. From the present study it is inferred that sorghum and millet can be used as alternate source of nutrition likewise other cereals including wheat, rice, maize, etc. Product development by utilization of different percentages of millet and sorghum flour with wheat flour helps in preparation of composite flour.Application:Millet and Sorghum Industry
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(94).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Food, Nutrition and Home SciencesImran Pasha and Aamir ShehzadDevelopment and Optimization of Corn ProductsCorn plays a key role in world's nutrition by acting as valuable food source due to minerals, vitamins, proteins and starch in its grains. Corn flour offers potential to make gluten free chapattis which are inexpensive. Chapatti is the customary unleavened at bread made all over the Indian subcontinent and part of the Middle East. Hydrocolloids can be used in the preparation of gluten free foodstuffs. Hydrocolloids belong to group of biopolymers extensively used in food technology. Corn chapatti has poor textural and pasting properties which results in less consumption of corn chapatti and this problem can be minimized by emulsiers, hydrocolloids or gums. Addition of hydrocolloids to chapatti that is rich in starch which itself is thickening agent, strongly affects the rheological performance of chapatti food gums addition up to 5% facilitate tough absorption at oil interface, this increasing emulsion permanency. The present research was designed to prepare corn chapattis, cookies, breads and muffins with improved sensory properties. Corn flour offers potential to make gluten free chapattis which are inexpensive. Chapattis having xanthan gum showed better pasting properties and texture optimization than chapattis containing carboxymethylcellulose and Gum Arabic. 98.5% corn flour with addition of 1.5% Xanthan gum got the highest score, had soft texture and was best among all other combinations giving highest overall acceptability. Breads, cookies and muffins were also developed with addition of corn flour in different ratios in wheat flour. Breads developed with addition of 20% corn flour produced maximum overall acceptability. Cookies developed with 30% substitution of wheat flour with corn yielded maximum overall acceptability while Muffins developed with 20% corn provided best results in terms of overall acceptability. Application:Importance of Corn in nutrition by acting as valuable food source due to minerals, vitamins, proteins and starch in its grains.
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(95).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Food, Nutrition and Home SciencesMuhammad Issa Khan and Amna SaharDevelopment of Conditioned (Omega-3 rich) Meat through Modifications in Feed IngredientsConsumer awareness about health benefits of n-3 fatty acids is growing and is driving consumer demand for enriched food products. Enrichment of meat with omega-3 fatty acids is an opportunity for the broiler production sector to add value to their product, but enrichment can increase the cost of production. The world-wide production and consumption of chicken meat has become very popular due to the nutritional characteristic of this meat type. Consumers are becoming more aware of the effect of the food they eat on their health. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the leading causes of death in men and women of all ethnic groups. Consuming saturated dietary fats and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) increases the risk of CVD, whereas consumption of n-3 PUFA may reduce CVD incidence. Dietary sources do not meet the requirements of these nutrients in the human diet; hence, feeding strategies have been adopted by the animal food industry to enhance the n-3 FA content of animal-derived foods. The inclusion of n-3 FA into poultry meat is achieved by feeding ingredients such as flaxseed, canola, fish oil, fish meal, marine algae to broiler bird. In the present research, the feed of broilers was supplemented with each of flax seed and canola at the rate of 10-20% to improve fatty acid profile of meat (Table 1-2). Fatty Acid determination of omega 3 rich meat was determined by using the analytical instrument Gas Chromatography followed by the sample preparation. Birds fed on omega 3 rich diets contained high levels of the omega-3, as well as enhancing the taste of “conventionally” grown broilers. It can be easily assumed that meat created by healthy animals will be healthier for people to control the prevailing diseases like high cholesterol, cardiovascular, obesity. Given the positive trends within the food industry, there will be many more options to satisfy consumers with healthful benefits of omega 3 rich meat. Application:Importance of Omega 3 Food Products
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(96).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Food, Nutrition and Home SciencesAysha Sameen and Nuzhat HumaOptimization of Processing Conditions for Manufacturing of Mozzarella Cheese from Buffalo MilkPakistan is the second largest buffalo milk producer in the world. The produced milk possess several physicochemical characteristics different from milk of other dairy animals such as a higher content of fat, casein proteins, total solids, calcium and phosphorous that make it ideal for processing into value added dairy products. Cheese is the product which is widely used in hotels, restaurants, fast food corners, airlines, shipping lines and households. Mozzarella cheese is considered the most suitable for pizza topping as about 30% cheese used for pizza topping in the world is mozzarella. Growing popularity of Western-style cuisine, increasing urbanization, growing per capita income and increasing two-income families are fueling this demand. Local demand for Mozzarella cheese has grown in such a way that local manufacturers cannot meet and the supply-demand gap which is being filled by imported cheese. Moreover, the quality of locally produced Mozzarella cheese is not compatible with the imported cheese due to non-standardized cheese manufacturing procedure. Hence, one can capture certain market share by producing quality cheese at a reasonable price. Along with many other factors different processing variables like casein to fat ratio, pasteurization temperature, milling pH, acidification method, stretching temperature play significant role in the development of good quality Mozzarella cheese with optimum yield. Therefore, these variables must be standardized to produce a consistency in the quality of Mozzarella cheese and to meet the regulatory standards. The HEC project entitled “Development of standard method through optimization of processing conditions for manufacturing of Mozzarella cheese from buffalo milk “was aimed to adapt better method for cheese preparation to get maximum recovery for buffalo Mozzarella cheese and to explore the buffalo milk as a positive feature in Pakistan for development of certain dairy products especially cheese. The research work comprised of different parts such as process standardization on the basis of casein to fat ratio, pasteurization temperature, milling pH, acidification method, manufacturing procedure and cheese stretching temperature. After process standardization, Mozzarella cheese was manufactured under standardized as well as non-standardized conditions and compared for their compositional, functional, sensorial and pizza baking performance during a storage period of 60 days. Functionality of Mozzarella cheese is of foremost importance because of its use as functional ingredient on pizza topping. Free oil formation, stretch distance and melt time are main functional attributes of Mozzarella cheese. All these parameters varied over narrow range in standardized process when compared with non-standardized process for Mozzarella cheese manufacturing. Process standardization improved the cheese texture as it ensures uniform composition of cheese. Cheese firmness and tensile strength were found to be almost constant in case of standardized process cheese. Uniformity in cheese composition and greater control over processing variables as resulted from process standardization increased the cheese yield. Minimum cheese yield was found to be 11.3 and 13.4% in non-standardized and standardized process respectively keeping the milk source constant. Process standardization minimized the variation in cheese composition which ultimately produced the Mozzarella cheese with reproducible results as far as Application:Mozzarella Cheese Industry
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(97).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of Food, Nutrition and Home SciencesMian Kamran SharifDevelopment of Protein and Micronutrient Fortified Shelf-stable Sweet Nutribars for School Aged Children from Puffed Rice Processed through SupercritiMalnutrition is widely prevalent in South Asia where half of the world's malnourished children are found in just 3 countries - Bangladesh, India and Pakistan. Women, infants, and school age children are the most likely to suffer from malnutrition. The Pakistani population is suffering from a variety of nutritional deficiency disorders ranging from protein-calorie malnutrition to specific micronutrients in certain parts of the country mainly due to poor socioeconomic conditions and availability of nutritionally low standard foods. Consequently, low productivity, poverty and low standard of living are widespread. According to recent National Nutrition Survey, (2011) malnutrition contributes to almost 35% of all under-5 deaths in the country. At the moment, 43.7% children aged. Micro-nutrients enriched and protein fortified puffed rice were prepared using supercritical fluid extrusion and further converted into shelf stable sweet nutribars for school aged children. A low-shear, twin screw, co-rotating extruder was used to produce puffed rice using supercritical CO (SC-CO ). Pre-mix 2 2 comprised of four micronutrients (NaFeEDTA, zinc oxide, retinylpalmitate and ascorbic acid were used to provide recommended daily values of these nutrients in 100g of product. The extruded samples (Fig. 1) were analyzed for protein content, dietary fiber, added nutrients, physical characteristics and other quality attributes followed by conversion into sweet crispy nutribars. The end product was analyzed for chemical composition, micronutrients, water activity and sensoric attributes like color, flavor, crispiness, stickiness and overall acceptability. The data obtained for each parameter was statistically analyzed. The soy protein fortification and addition of rice bran improved the protein amount in the final product (Fig. 2) from 6.1 to 21.5% and dietary fiber from 0.9 to 8.0%. SCFX processed puffed rice were very light in weight and expanded well. However, when 8% rice bran and 22.5% soy protein concentrate was incorporated, expansion slightly decreased ultimately increasing the hardness. Regarding added micronutrients, puffed rice samples retained all added minerals, 55-58% of vitamin A and 64-77% of vitamin C. Micronutrient fortified sweet nutribars made from 20% added sugar were more acceptable with respect to sensoric and quality attributes Application:Micro-nutrients enriched and protein fortified puffed rice were prepared using supercritical fluid extrusion and further converted into shelf stable s
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(98).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of SciencesZinayyera Subhani and Muhammad ShahidGuar Gum: A Novel approach for detoxification of aflatoxicosis in PoultryAs the climatic conditions of Pakistan are warm, moist and damp, that provides best condition for the development of fungus in the poultry feed. Poultry industry is an imperative part of livestock having 52.2% share in agro based economy of Pakistan. Aflatoxins are the secondary metabolites produced by filamentous fungi Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus paraciticus. There are four major types of aflatoxins; aflatoxin B , B , G and G These four major. aflatoxins are classified because of their blue and green fluorescence under the ultraviolet light. Among them, AFB found to be more notorious, is the most toxic and most 1 potent carcinogen in human and animals including birds, fish, rodents, nonhuman primates. It has highest toxic potential due to mutagenicity, teratogenicity and carcinogenicity. The contamination of aflatoxin in the feed may cause aflatoxicosis in poultry birds that leads to low growth rate, weight loss, poor FCR and anorexia. The increased susceptibility to microbial and environmental stresses caused by aflatoxins ultimately increases the rate of mortality. Government and producers are trying to find out or develop effective prevention management and decontamination technologies to minimize the toxic effects of AF by using biological, physical and chemical treatments to detoxify AF in contaminated feed stuff. A practical approach for detoxification aflatoxins in poultry feed is the use of adsorbents. As adsorbents have the potential to bind aflatoxin and inhibit their absorption from gastrointestinal tract. Although, large extents and negative interaction of adsorbents with nutrients are the reasons of great concern. Therefore, need was felt to find out an adsorbent that should be cost effective, low interaction with nutrients and no side effect on health of bird. Guar gum was used as an adsorbent to control aflatoxicosis and tested by conducting the 42 days experiment on Hubbard bird with different levels of guar gum along with aflatoxin contaminated feed. The results from the in vivo experiment indicate that the aflatoxin significantly reduced body weight and affected overall broiler health and performance. Guar gum was effective in diminishing the growth inhibitory effects of aflatoxin and there was apparent protection noted for some physical parameters, some of the organs, serum biochemical and hematological changes associated with aflatoxin toxicity. Application:Poultry Industry
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Biochemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/contents.html
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of SciencesKhalil-ur-Rahman and Nazish JahanDevelopment of Silymarin Extaction Technology from Milk Thistle Milk thistle (Silybum marianum) is an important medicinal plant which is a source of silymarin, a hepatoprotective flavonoid. Neither the milk thistle is grown with business point of view nor indigenously extracted silymarin is available in the market. The current demand for milk thistle as crop is increasing worldwide due to its use in herbal pharmaceutical industries. In Pakistan most of it is imported from India, and China. The interest was to introduce milk thistle as alternative crop among the farmers and provide an indigenous and cheaper source of silymarin to manage liver disorders. The milk thistle can easily be grown in all parts of a country. To see the growth potential of milk thistle in various zones, the field experiments were conducted at UAF, PARS, Farooqabad, AARI, Chakwal and Karoor. It is very interesting that the seed of milk thistle at all places were germinated, though the rate and germination varied from one to another place, perhaps due to the effect of temperature, soil characterization etc. The silymarin was extracted from seeds of milk thistle by applying various techniques and varying solvents. Extraction with soxhlet and microwave assisted proved better as compared to the other regarding % yield of silymarin. Methanol was solvent of choice for maximum extraction of silymarin. Quantification and characterization of silymarin was performed through Spectrophotometer, HPLC and LC-MS. In both spectrophotometric and HPLC quantification, silymarin contents were found better in extracts prepared with methanol by soxhlet and microwave assisted extraction technique. LC-MS analysis revealed that different flavonoids like silycristin, isosilybin A&B, silydianin, silybin A&B were present in the indigenously extracted silymarin. The presence of variety of medicinally important flavonoids in the locally extracted silymarin is good index as many of them have been reported in literature possessing hepatoprotective potential. The importance of milk thistle is also endorsed with presence of essential oil being important pharmaceutical entities. In addition to silymarin many beneficial fatty acids were also identified in seeds of milk thistle. Furthermore, fatty acids were identified through GC/GC-MS analysis in seeds of milk thistle. Stability of silymarin is important issue of herbal pharmaceutical industries. Silymarin was found stable at temperature upto 30ºC and humidity level upto 30%. Silymarin showed high stability at pH range 6-7. Shelf life of indigenously extracted silymarin was more than six months at room temperature. Furthermore the efforts made for the preparation of nanoparticle and suspension of silymarin is no doubt another attraction for herbal pharmaceutical industries. Application:Uses of milk thistle as crop in herbal pharmaceutical industries.
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Biochemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(100).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Faculty of SciencesMuhammad Asgher , Shoukat Ali and Shahzad Ali Shahid ChathaBiological Stripping Technology for Recycling of Faulty Dyed and Old Waste Cotton FabricsStripping is desirable to remove dyes/color from the dyed fabric in order to correct the faulty or uneven dyeing and to re-dye the waste fabric in different shades and colors for reuse. Chemical stripping is the traditionally used process called as “back stripping”or “destructive stripping”. Chemical stripping liquids do not have universal acceptance in the dyeing industries as none of them can be used on various blends of fabric and dyes and each system has to be individually designed, depending on the nature of dye to be removed and the type of fabric. Many of the stripping liquids have alkaline pH values often higher than 9 that could be harmful to the fabric material and the stripped fabric is very difficult to re-dye. Due to stringent environmental legislations and regulations, it is inevitable to develop new strategies for dye color removal that should not be only environmental friendly, but also cost effective. In recent years many studies have focused on microorganisms that are capable of degrading dyestuffs in environment friendly and cost effective processes. Ligninolytic white rot fungi (WRF) are the most promising and versatile microorganisms, characterized by their derivative abilities towards broad spectrum of structurally different dyes due to their highly oxidative and non-specific enzymatic system. In recent years a number of studies have been reported on biodegradation of textile dyes and bioremediation of dye containing textile industry effluents using different WRF strains. However, there was not even a single attempt reported on removal of dyes fixed on cotton fabrics. This work was, therefore, the first attempt to develop an economical and environmentally acceptable biochemical stripping technology for cotton fabric dyed with C.I. Reactive Black B dye using crude enzyme extract from a white rot fungus IBL-05. Application:Development of new strategies for dye color removal that should not be only environmental friendly, but also cost effective
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Biochemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(101).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Institute of Horticultural SciencesSaeed AhmadModified Sun-drying Techniques for DatesIn Pakistan, monsoon rains coincide with the ripening period of dates which causes the rotting of ripened fruits. Hillawi is a prominent cultivar and commercially grown in Punjab. Its ripening period starts in mid-July to August which is a peak monsoon period. The fruit of Hillawi is completely harvested and consumed at Khalal stage with less economic value. There is no trend to process or cure the fruit due to occurrence of monsoon rains. However, if the fruit is harvested at Rutab stage and properly processed/cured by using proper sun drying techniques; It can be saved for future consumption with good economic value. The income of farmers can be increased 3 to 4 fold as compared to those that are sold on Doka stages. The fruits are collected at rutab/dug stage from the tree and these fruits can be dried/ processed with in 6 to 8 days depending upon daily weather conditions. After the harvest, fruits are spread on mat to remain under sun and covered at night. These fruits can be packed in plastic boxes of different weights according to the requirement of consumers. Application:Improvement in the process of making Dates
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(5).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Department of Forestry and Range ManagementRashid A. Khan and Fahad RasheedDescription of Funnel Type Slippery Trap (FTS Trap): An Innovative Technique for the Non-chemical Control of Mango Mealy BugFunnel Type Slippery Trap (FTS Trap) is made up of thick, smooth and transparent “Shesha plastic”sheet. A narrow strip of said plastic fabric measuring 10-12 inches wide and 9-12 inches loose than girth of the targeted tree is cut. One inch margin of this strip is folded down along length and stitched to accommodate the iron wire. Before installation, a 12-14 gauge iron wire is passed through this fold along upper margin. While installing FTS trap, the folded margin of plastic strip enclosing iron wire is erected like a funnel around the tree. Open margins of plastic strip at width and ends of iron wire passing through upper margin are stitched together with stapler whereas the lower margin in length is systematically rumpled (to reduce its length) and tightly fixed on stem with nails. Finally, the lower margin fixed with nails is covered with mud paste to arrest chances for the nymphs to escape up through cracks on stem. These traps are fixed on tree stems almost 3-4 feet above the ground level in the month of January. During field research, this innovative technique has been proved to be the most effective barrier against mango mealy bug nymphs while crawling up the trees in January (see Photo Fig. 1) and successfully entrap the egg carrying females (when each female carry 350-400 eggs) while crawling down the tree for egg laying in the soil during the month of May (see photo Fig. 2, 3). The females entrapped in FTS trap die within days due to high environmental temperature. Un-slaked lime powder (1inches layer) placed in funnel of the trap has also been found to effectively kill the entrapped egg-carrying females. The mango mealy bug sometimes directly fall on the ground due to wind shaking therefore trap should be kept active for two consecutive years from January to May in order to achieve optimum pest control results. The efficacy of funnel type slippery trap is wonderful since it efficiently works both-ways (effectively restrict crawling up of the bug nymphs toward tree crowns and entrap mature bug females coming down the trees for egg laying). Studies have indicated that almost 89% of the bug nymphs fall down while trying to crawl up over the wall of newly installed funnel type slippery trap. The escaped 11% nymphs may reach fruiting bodies of mango tree, mature there and copulated by winged males. Out of these 11% nymphs, the conceived females are highly important since each of them carry 350- 400 eggs. The old mango mealy bug control techniques (Slippery Band, Sticky Band etc.) only partly arrest the up word movement of the nymphs to control the pest. The new Funnel type slippery trap have edge on all other old mango mealy bug control techniques as it not only arrest the up word movement of the nymphs but also entrap the egg carrying females on their way back to the ground for egg laying and leave non to reproduce the next progeny. Application:Control of Mango Mealy Bug
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Forestry and Range Management, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(44).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Department of Forestry and Range ManagementRashid A. Khan and Fahad RasheedThe Light Equipped Power Insect Killer (LEPIK Machine): An Innovative Mechanical Insect Pest Control MachineUse of conventional pesticides on edibles is highly damaging especially in the cases of illiterate user and ignorant consumer. People face such problems in under developed countries where monocropping systems are in practice. The vegetable growing belts around cities as well as rice, cotton and maize cropping areas of the Indian sub-continent are suffering from this type of problems. Anyway if well informed, human beings can wisely tackle the situation to a certain extant but the local wildlife can't thrive in such a polluted environment. This is why many of the prized wild animals and bird species have gone extinct and others are facing serious threats in cultivated landscapes where high potency broad spectrum pesticides, artificial fertilizers and other banned chemical products are still in use. Basic idea of this research effort was to curtail the use of highly toxic pesticides in the agro-ecosystem for the safety of all living beings and as an attempt to meet obligations of WTO to be imposed. This goal can only be achieved if some non-chemical, biological or mechanical methods of pest management are evolved and introduced at a larger scale. The Light Equipped Power Insect Killer (LEPIK machine) is a night operating device, which attracts and kills the insects mechanically. Being environment friendly, this machine has been proved to be safe for human beings and will certainly help in the conservation management of wildlife and the related habitats. This is well researched fact that insects are attracted toward light (phototropism). Decades ago, this concept led to the development of “Still Light Traps”to be used for insect control in croplands. But soon this technique was discarded because it killed only few of the attracted insects while the rest thronged about the light traps and increased crop losses in the vicinity. A big reflector type light cover (having hole on lower side) fitted with a round shaped ultraviolet (black) tube light is attached to the frame in front of the operator. Hole at the base of light cover is connected with the blower/sucking unit by a flexible rubber pipe (See Fig. 1). During operation at night the powerful black light functions to attract the insects within the light cover. From here insects normally slip into the hole of light cover or sucked in and reach the sucking unit through rubber pipe where these are crushed while passing through high-speed blower. This crushed insect material can be collected for further research by attaching a bag to outlet of the blower. During field operation, flushing of insects slightly ahead the machine was found to give more promising results. This light weight (8 kg) knapsack type device is easy to handle and cheap to operate. Initial results have proved it to be a highly effective device against flying insect pests like flies, moths, beetles, bugs, aphids and white flies including many other chewing and sucking insects. In the insect collection of LEKIK machine, proportion of useful/predacious insects was observed to be less than 2.5 percent. A fully charged dry battery (12 V, 18 AH) was found to run the machine for almost 2 hours and can treat as much as three acre large block of cotton at a stretch. Fortnightly operations of LEPIK machine has been observed to give complete control of crop insect pests. Moonlight, temperature and humidity levels were found to affect the efficacy of the device. A tractor operated model of this machine has also been designed and fabricApplication:Advancement in Insect Pest Control Techniques
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Forestry and Range Management, University of Agriculture Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(45).pdf
University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF), Department of Forestry and Range ManagementRashid A. Khan and Fahad RasheedDescription of Panel Trap: An Effective Device for the Control of Wild Boar and PorcupinePanel trap is made up of four steel panels (5x5 feet) tied up together to make a square shape enclosure. Out of these four constituent panels, one is provided with a shutter gate. The door of this gate opens upward and closes downward with in the cage enclosure. While closed, it properly fits in the door frame built little towards inside of the trap. During trapping operation, this trap door rests on a wooden bar attached to food pouch by a string. On entering the panel trap enclosure, the wild animals try to grab the food pouch, which ultimately pulls the wooden bar and shuts down the entry gate. The entrapped wild boars and other animals could be killed and disposed off later. This trap was effectively used during wild boar control project in the area of Islamabad. Panel trap is the most effective device for trapping the wild boars if properly installed on animal trails . During study, some animals were observed to jump out of the trap to escape. Thus as remedial measure the panel trap was modified and series of curved steel bars were welded (pointing towards inside) on upper margins of all four constituent panels of the trap. Efficacy of this trap mainly depends upon the selection of trapping site, use of attractants and proper erection of trap. Wild animals normally use specific routes called trails to reach the feeding areas. These trails are the best sites to be selected for the installation of traps. Accordingly, food items already available in the fields could not be used as attractants. For example if standing wheat crop is available in the fields then wheat grains can't be used as attractants. For installation, the trap should be placed at properly leveled soil and all trap panels be tightly screwed. Any negligence in this connection can negatively affect the trapping exercises. Porcupines are difficult to entrap as the animal dig below walls of the trap to escape. Panel trap can be effectively used against porcupine by placing an iron plate on floor of the trap during field. This trap has been proved to be the best wild animal trapping device in a HEC funded wild boar control project. Selection of attractant materials (base materials and additives) used during trapping exercises a rehighly important for successful results. During the execution of HEC funded research project in the area of Islamabad, boiled maize, boiled wheat, boiled gram, potato, sweet potato, rotten guava, ber, mango, apple, banana fruits were used as base materials with best results. Powdered of della grass roots powder, mango stones powder, dry milk, brown sugar, molasses, vinegar etc. were used as additives to enhance attractiveness of the base materials. Both the materials (base materials and additives) are mixed and put in the pouch attached with string connected to wooden bar on which the shutter door of the trap rests. In order to enhance efficacy of the panel trap, some amount of the attractive material is spread a line from the trap to both sides which helps in guiding the animals towards the panel trap. Application:Control of Wild Boar and Porcupine
Funding Agency:Unknown
Address:Department of Forestry and Range Management, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
Email:oric@uaf.edu.pk
Fax:+92-41-920076
Phone:+92-41-92001
URL:http://uaf.edu.pk/Catalouge/101/files/C-%20(46).pdf
National Textile University, FaisalabadDr. Syed Talha Ali Hamdani (PI), Dr. Yasir Nawab (Co-PI) non-woven sensorAmount: 0.5 Million Status: Completed Duration: 1 Year Application:Textile Industry
Funding Agency: HEC
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041)-9230
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadDr. Yasir Nawab (PI)Sizing machineStatus: Completed Amount:2.7 millionApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency: PSF
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-41-923008
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadPI: Dr. Yasir Nawab, Co-PI: M. Umar and M. Ayoub Asghar Fabric ProductStatus: Completed. Development of Fabric for 8th largest flag of the world Application:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Pak Army
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041)-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadPI: Dr. Yasir Nawab, Co-PI: M. Umar and M. ZohaibProduct of DesignDevelopment of Dobby Design with color and weave effect. Status: Completed Application:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Mubashir Corporation
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041)-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadDr. Yasir NawabHockey ProductCarbon nano-composite based Hockey sticks Amount:0.6 Million Duration: 6 months Status: Completed Application:Sports Industry
Funding Agency:AK Composites
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041)-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadDr. Yasir NawabHandloom ProductDevelopment of handloom for carpets manufacturing Status: Completed Duration:1 Year Amount: 0.6 MillionApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Carpets Manufacturing Association
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041)-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMr. Nauman AliWearable health monitoring system Development of wearable health monitoring system. Status: Completed Application:Health Industry
Funding Agency:Haizum Hitech
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041)-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadDr. Abher RasheedSpecial pressure sensing structureDesign and development of special pressure sensing structure. Status: Completed Application:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Haizum Hitech
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041)-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMr. Mirza Mahmood AkharUniformDevelopment of uniform for FESCO worker. Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:WAPDA
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041)-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadDr. Yasir Nawab (PI)Weaving machine for high performance fibersDevelopment of an indigenous machine for weaving of high performance fibers. Status:Completed Duration: 1 Year Amount: 1 million Application:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:National Textile University
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041)-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMr. Sadullah ChannaFlood relief Jacket Development of flood relief jacket. Status: Completed Application:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041)-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadM. ZohaibMachine for abression resistance testingImpact abression resistance testing machine for motorcyclist garment. Status: Completed Application:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Weaving
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041)-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadWaqar AhmadExam Creator SystemExam Creator System. Status: Completed Application:Education Industry
Funding Agency: CS
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041)-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadWaqar AhmadOnline file tracking systemOnline file tracking system. Status: Completed Application:IT Industry
Funding Agency: CS
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadDr. Asif HabibFabric processing management system (Module 1)Fabric processing management system (Module 1) Status: CompetedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency: CS
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041)-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadPI: Dr. Yasir Nawab, Co-PI: M. Umar and M. Ayoub Asghar Product of DesignDevelopment of Dobby Design with color and weave effect. Status: Completed. Completed Year:2016Application:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Mubashir Corporation
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadDr. Asif HabibFabric processing management system (Module 2)Fabric processing management system (Module 2). Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency: CS
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadM. ShahidOnline student portalOnline student portal (Project Coliseum). Status:CompletedApplication:IT Industry
Funding Agency: CS
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadM. ShahidNTU Exam management systemNTU Exam management system. Status: Completed.Application:IT Industry
Funding Agency: CS
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadM. ShahidObject Recognition systemObject Recognition system. Status:CompletedApplication:IT Industry
Funding Agency: CS
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadUmer Ali KhanSoftware house management systemSoftware house management system. Status: Completed Application:IT Industry
Funding Agency: CS
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadUmer Ali KhanOnline recruitment systemOnline recruitment system. Status: Completed Application:IT Industry
Funding Agency: CS
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadNasir MahmoodHealthcare monitoring system for wearable sensorsHealthcare monitoring system for wearable sensors. Status: CompletedApplication:IT Industry
Funding Agency: CS
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazSock with antibacterial, antifungal propertiesStatus: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazTrendy and safe jackets for BikersTrendy and safe jackets for Bikers. Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazChef Uniform fire retardant, stain proofApplication of fire retardant and stain proof finish on designed chef uniform. Status: Completed Application:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazCoffee table with fire and crack designCoffee tables based on infinity and distortion as design elements. Status: Completed Application:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazAntilice scarfAztec pattern inspired scarfs with antilice properties. Status: Completed. Application:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaislabadMiss Arooba mumtazDining table linenDevelopment of functional and aesthecally designed dining table linen. Status: Completed Application:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazBed sheet with patch workDigital printed Bedsheet enhanced with patch work. Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazHeat and sweat resistant fabricFabrication from cork husk with heat and sweating resistance properties. Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pkd
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazSugarcane sheetHandmade sheet made by sugarcane cover. Status: Completed Application:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazCamuflague hunting jacketDesigning of hunting jackets using native camoflauge pattern. Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazDecorative room separatorDecorative room separator in mixed media techniques Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazConvertible shoesDesigning of convertible shoes inspired by Astrolabe Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazElectric shock resistance textileElectric shock resistance textile Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazTransposable lampTransposable lamps enhanced by wooden embellishment Status: Completed Application:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazRug for InteriorDesigning of multfaced detachable rug for contemporary interiors Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041)-9230081-0
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazMultifunctional laptop tableDesigning multifunctional laptop tables by composite of woven cotton waste Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazStress relief coushionsDeveolpment of stress relief coushions in 3D embellishment techniques Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazWinter shallFormal winter shall inspired by greek architectural pillars Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazWooden embrioded handbagsInnovative embriodory wooden handbags for females Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazFabricated shoes made by plastic bottle wasteFabricated shoes made by plastic bottle waste Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazCoushions inspired by sea shells and NauticlesCoushions inspired by sea shells and Nauticles Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazShoe and clutch accessoriesDesigning accessories with the inspiration of byzatin manuscript borders Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazSmart space saving otoman seater inspired by postage stamps and currency notesSmart space saving otoman seater inspired by postage stamps and currency notes Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazBed RunnerBed runner for contemporary interiors enhanced with embroidry techniques Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazHand printed DupattasHand painted dupattas inspired by nervous system and eye retina Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazBurkinisDesgning burkinis based on the theme of sea life Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazJacketContemporary jackets made with the blend of peacock feather cotton and polyester Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazDoor enteranceDesigning an exterior door enterance for modern café Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazSummer quiltsSummer quilts in kantha kari inspired by space odyssy Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazMultifunctional costumemultifunctional costume developed by manual painting Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041)-9230081-0
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtaz TopsExaggerated tops by using surface design inspired by shaggy attires Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Zunaira saleemfantasy based costumeDeveloping of fantacy based costumes inspired by steam punk Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Zunaira saleemDresses design with junk accessoriesExploring the unique concept of recope by using junk accessories in couture Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Arooba mumtazBridal dress inspired by regal architectureQueen in a regal porch Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Textile Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Zunaira saleemBrial dress Bridal couture: Beguiling baroque Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Fashion Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Zunaira saleemDress with mesopotemia artRedeveloping the features of mesopotemia inspired by decorative art Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Fashion Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Zunaira saleemDress for disabeled personsDeveloping the confidence in physically disabled people by provding ease in opening and closure through fashion design inspired by muniba mazari Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Fashion Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Zunaira saleemmultipurpose theater costumesmultipurpose theater costumes inspired by landscapes Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Fashion Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Zunaira saleemSemi formal tops with romanian crochetSemi formal tops inspired by Romanian crochet Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Fashion Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Zunaira saleemWoman's party wearcultivating self through dress design and decoration Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Fashion Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Zunaira saleemHijab glossed by crystalsEmerging a vibe of magical elegance of glamorous concealing through hijab glossed by crystals Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Fashion Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk
National Textile University, FaisalabadMiss Zunaira saleemEmbrioded clothes with otman turkish motifsEmbriodered ready to wear inspired by otoman turkish motifs Status: CompletedApplication:Textile Industry
Funding Agency:Fashion Designing
Address:National Textile University, Sheikhupura Road, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
Email:oric@ntu.edu.pk
Phone:92-041-9230081-90
URL:http://ntu.edu.pk